New Books – Review Copies
I am pleased to announce a selection of new and forthcoming titles by Routledge.
If you are a book review editor or have had a review proposal accepted by a journal/publication and would like to review any of these titles, please email Megan.Smith@taylorandfrancis.
Biofuels, Food Security, and Developing Economies
By Nazia Mintz-Habib
The author analyses the extent to which biofuels feedstocks fit within the national food security strategy, agro-export orientation, and rural development plans and policies of developing economies. Two case studies, from Tanzania in East Africa and Borneo in Malaysia, are considered in detail, using the non-edible crop of jatropha as an example of how compromises can be reached to balance food and energy goals as well as export markets. Read more
Natural Hazards, Risk and Vulnerability
Floods and slum life in Indonesia
By Roanne van Voorst
Natural Hazards, Risk and Vulnerability offers a unique insight in the everyday life of a group of riverbank settlers in Jakarta – one of the most vulnerable areas worldwide in terms of exposure to natural hazards. Based on long-term fieldwork, the book portrays the often creative and innovative ways in which slum dwellers cope with recurrent floods. Read more
UNHCR and the Struggle for Accountability
Technology, law and results-based management
Edited by Kristin Bergtora Sandvik and Katja Lindskov Jacobsen
UNHCR and the Struggle for Accountability explores the UNHCR’s quest for accountability by viewing the UNHCR’s accountability obligations through the web of institutional relationships within which the agency is placed (beneficiaries, host governments, implementing partners, donors, the Executive Committee and UNGA). Read more
Humanitarianism and Challenges of Cooperation
Edited by Volker M. Heins, Kai Koddenbrock and Christine Unrau
Humanitarianism and the Challenges of Cooperation examines the multiple humanitarianisms of today as a testing ground for new ways of global cooperation. General trends in the contemporary transformation of humanitarianism are studied and individual cases of how humanitarian actors cooperate with others on the ground are investigated. Read more
Gender and the Political Economy of Conflict in Africa
The persistence of violence
By Meredeth Turshen
Gender and the Political Economy of Conflict in Africa explores the persistence of violence in conflict zones in Africa using a political economy framework. This framework employs an analysis of violence on both edges of the spectrum—a macro-economic analysis of violence against workers and a micro-political analysis of the violence in women’s reproductive lives. Read more
Food Security, Gender and Resilience
Improving Smallholder and Subsistence Farming
Edited by Leigh Brownhill, Esther Njuguna, Kimberly L. Bothi, Bernard Pelletier, Lutta Muhammad and Gordon M. Hickey
The scope of the book is both local and multi-scalar. The gendered resilience framework, illustrated here with detailed case studies from semi-arid Kenya, is shown to be suitable for use in analysis in other geographic regions and across disciplines. The book examines the importance of gender equity to the strengthening of socio-ecological resilience. Read more
Please send us your published reviews!
We’d be extremely grateful to receive any published reviews – for this or any other Routledge book you may have recently reviewed – so that we can add review quotes to our website and flyers, and circulate them via our social media accounts. Routledge will ensure we always quote your journal name – publicity for you too! Please feel free to email them to Megan.Smith@taylorandfrancis.
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People’s General Assembly 2014
Misguided Dietary Guidelines?
Helene H. Oord –
The recently released dietary guidelines—which were put together by the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services—are creating a lot of controversy.
While the Guidelines recommend eaters consume less sugar, they disappointed many sustainable agriculture and health advocates by not suggesting consumers reduce their consumption of red meat and processed meat.
Last year, the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee (DGAC)’s scientific report, which was meant to provide an evidence base for the final guidelines, suggested eating less meat as a way to improve both environmental sustainability and public health. Many organizations and groups—such as the Environmental Working Group, the Organic Consumers’ Association, and the Center for Food Safety—came together to support the inclusion of sustainability in the new guidelines, through an alliance named My Plate, My Planet.
Kari Hamerschlag, senior program manager at Friends of the Earth, says, “Given the huge health and environmental costs of diets high in factory farmed meat, the lack of clear guidance on lowering meat consumption does a disservice to the public and our future food security. The administration has clearly put the financial interests of the meat industry over the weight of the science and the health of the American people.”
Reducing meat consumption is a key aspect of reducing climate change emissions, according to new research from the Johns Hopkins Center for a Livable Future (CLF). Christine Grillo, writing on behalf of the CLF, says, “we’re disturbed to see how the Dietary Guidelines’ message on meat consumption is obfuscated, and how this muddled, unrigorous communication supports the agenda of the very same groups pushing for ‘sound science’ in the Dietary Guidelines process.”
The justification for excluding sustainability is also less than satisfactory to Dr. David Katz, founder of the True Health Initiative, who notes that the Dietary Guidelines do include recommendations for physical activity, which is also outside the scope of dietary guidance, but closely related to chronic disease prevention.
Marion Nestle of New York University points out the failure of the guidelines to adhere to recommendations that emphasize whole foods, rather than singling out individual nutrients to increase or limit. The guidelines succeed in recommending increased fruit and vegetable consumption, but where necessary decreases in consumption are outlined, they steer clear of ruffling industry feathers by identifying individual nutrients—such as saturated fat and added sugars—to limit.
Nestle calls saturated fat a euphemism for meat and added sugars a euphemism for soda and sugar-sweetened beverages. The clarity and consistency of dietary recommendations are undermined by such attempts to avoid identification of unhealthy foods, according to Nestle.
Political influence was definitely at play in keeping sustainability out of the official guidelines. “It’s upsetting to see cycles of misinformation coming back over and over again,” says Dr. David Heber, founding director of the University of California, Los Angeles, Center for Human Nutrition. “The public has been confused and will remain confused by these guidelines.”
Katz also says that the guidelines are “a betrayal of the diligent work of nutrition scientists, and a willful sacrifice of public health on the altar of profit for well-organized special interests.”
The silver lining, however, according to Katz, is the clarity and quality of DGAC’s original scientific report. Policymakers can look to the DGAC’s report, which upholds scientific principles over politics. But consumers will have to turn elsewhere for information on the intricate relationships between diet and ecological sustainability.
While the missing connection between diet and sustainability is disappointing, advocacy groups view explosive research interest as an opportunity for 2020. As the scientific evidence linking diet to sustainability continues to grow, groups will build stronger coalitions to push for inclusion of sustainability recommendations in the next iteration of the Dietary Guidelines.
“We’re already looking toward 2020 and thinking about what research is needed, and what other work we can do to assure future dietary guidelines provide clear and evidence-based recommendations about what is best for nutrition today and tomorrow,” says Grillo.
All the best,
President, Food Tank
From “Development” to “Poverty Alleviation”: What have we lost?
This article may be of interest: From “Development” to “Poverty Alleviation”: What have we lost?
The perspective of development has shifted in the neoliberal marketist paradigm and the place of development economics has been replaced by a focus on poverty alleviation.
Professor of economics at Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi
Executive secretary of International Development Economics Associates (IDEAs).
Why Climate Talks need a focus on Agriculture – Food Security
Dear Climate Change Colleagues,
Dr. P. J. Puntenney
Created with NationBuilder, the essential toolkit for leaders.
This email was sent to firstname.lastname@example.org .
Call for papers on: Enhancing food security through forest landscape restoration
Outreach at the SIDS Conference: Water, Food and Waste
Outreach is made possible by the generous support of:
Outreach is produced by:
Intelligence in the Hallways of the UN – A New UN Body to Combat Global Malnutrition… A Discussion
Dear Friends and Colleagues,
The United Nations is considering setting up a new body to address global malnutrition as early as next month, Devex has learned.
Tentatively called “U.N. Nutrition,” the new entity will be headed by UNICEF and the World Food Program, according to well-placed sources within civil society groups attending this week’s Committee on World Food Security, or CFS, in Rome. Over the weekend, the sources also participated in working groups ahead of the second International Conference on Nutrition — known as ICN2 — jointly led by FAO and the World Health Organization in November. To learn more,
All the best,
Pam Puntenney and Bremley Lyngdoh
UN SD Education Caucus Co-Chairs
Co-Coordinators Climate Change
Dr. P. J. Puntenney
Environmental & Human Systems Management
1989 West Liberty
Ann Arbor, MI 48103 USA
Cell: (734) 352 7429
Landline: (734) 994-3612
[FSN Forum] FAO Post-2015 e-bulletin
e-bulletin • June 2014 • Issue No.3
New FAO Working Paper: Climate Variability, Adaptation Strategies and Food Security in Malawi
Dear Climate Colleagues,
The FAO Economics and Policy Innovations for Climate-Smart Agriculture (EPIC) Programme has recently published a new Working Paper:
Asfaw et. al, 2014, ESA Working paper No. 14-08, FAO
This paper assesses farmers’ incentives and conditioning factors that hinder or promote adaptation strategies and evaluates its impact on crop productivity by utilizing household level data collected in 2011 from nationally representative sample households in Malawi. We distinguish between (i) exposure to climatic disruptions, (ii) bio-physical sensitivity to such disruptions, (iii) HH adaptive capacity (iv) system-level adaptive capacity that serve as enabling factors for household-level adaptation.
- The factors that drive adoption of any one of the practices analyzed are distinct, thus there is no one strategy for supporting adoption - it depends on which techniques are the focus. However we do find that climactic variables, access to rural institutions and social capital play an important role in adoption of most practices.
- The propensity of adopting any one practice is conditioned by whether another practice in the subset has been adopted or not. Some practices are complementary (e.g. improved maize seed and inorganic fertilizer) others are substitutes (e.g. inorganic fertilizer and organic fertilizer)
- Climate variables have a major impact on which practices are adopted. Greater climate variability increases adoption of risk-reducing inputs – such as sustainable land management (SLM) measures – but reduces the use of inputs – such as inorganic fertilizer – with uncertain benefits in terms reducing risk. Regions with higher mean rainfall and lower maximum temperatures tend to use more inorganic fertilizer whereas higher mean rainfall and maximum temperatures favor SLM inputs. Delayed onset of rainfall also increases the adoption of SLM inputs but reduces the use of inorganic fertilizer.
- On average adoption of both modern and SLM inputs have positive and statistically significant impacts on maize productivity. The observed impact is heterogeneous across gender and land size. For instance the positive impact of adoption of modern inputs is more pronounced in male headed households compared to female headed households whereas the opposite is the case for sustainable land management practices.
For further information:
Solomon Asfaw, PhD
Agricultural Development Economics Division (ESA)
Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO)
Mobilizing researchers to end poverty in Africa
Over the past 15 years, GDP growth in Africa has been higher than in the rest of the developing world. Despite the tremendous economic growth, poverty reduction in Africa was less impressive, with nearly half of the population still living on less than US$1.25 a day per capita (2010).
Scholars from all over the world recently gathered in Paris for the Annual Bank Conference on Africa (ABCA), to discuss ways to make economic growth work better for the poorest families in Africa.
In his opening remarks, Makhtar Diop, World Bank vice president for Africa, reminded the audience that “the legitimacy of the World Bank is not the dollar amount we put on the table; it is the knowledge and healthy policy dialogue it encourages.”
The ABCA conference creates a platform for scholars to put forward their research and get feedback. Most key issues were discussed, such as the optimal balance between growth, inequality and poverty reduction, and better ways to help poor people manage risks.
For more information, please click here.
Countyr Representative YPARD – Mali
The eradication of hunger should be a priority on the agenda of post 2015 development
IFAD Highlights Food Security in Post-2015 Agenda read more: http://post2015.iisd.org/news/ifad-highlights-food-security-in-post-2015-agenda/
18 February 2014: Participants discussed how to achieve a sustainable, food-secure future for all at an event hosted by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) in Rome, Italy, on 18 February 2014. Panelists stressed the importance of investing in smallholder family farmers and empowering rural livelihoods to ensure global food security and nutrition.
The event on ‘Achieving a sustainable future for all: Rural transformation and the post-2015 agenda’ aimed to raise awareness about the post-2015 development agenda and the opportunities it presents to advance and implement a transformative agenda for smallholder family farmers. Participants focused on four thematic areas: leveraging the rural-urban nexus for development; an empowerment agenda for rural livelihoods; investing in smallholder family agriculture for global food security and nutrition; and promoting the resilience of poor rural households.
These topics also are the subject of four IFAD policy briefs launched at the event. Each brief identifies challenges, entry points and approaches for a policy agenda, as well as including proposed goals and targets for the post-2015 development agenda.
‘Leveraging the rural-urban nexus for development’ recommends that the post-2015 agenda include: disaggregated targets and indicators for access to basic services (education, sanitation, water) and social and economic inclusion (employment, gender equality, social protection); and rural targets or indicators on goals related to energy, infrastructure and migration.
‘An empowerment agenda for rural livelihoods’ recommends, inter alia: measuring progress through disaggregated statistics; adjusting targets to the realities of marginalized groups, particularly women and rural groups; strengthening national statistical capacities; and building capacity for marginalized groups to participate in discussions on the post-2015 agenda.
‘Investing in smallholder family agriculture for global food security and nutrition’ recommends, inter alia: focusing on agriculture and small family farms in a goal on food security and nutrition; addressing agriculture productivity, resilience and sustainability; and addressing investment and technology transfer, including through the global partnership for development.
‘Promoting the resilience of poor rural households’ highlights proposed targets on, inter alia: sustainable agriculture practices; ecosystems, species and genetic diversity; deforestation and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from agriculture; food waste; and water management.
The event took place ahead of the 37th Session of the IFAD Governing Council (GC), which convened from 19-20 February, under the theme ‘Investing in smallholder family farmers for the future we want,’ in conjunction with the International Year of Family Farming (IYFF). IFAD also hosted the Fifth Global Meeting of the Farmers’ Forum, ‘Partners for investing in smallholder farming, family agriculture and fisheries,’ on 17-18 February, which focused on poverty reduction and rural development.
[IFAD Press Release] [Webcast] [IYFF Infographic] [GC Programme] [Leveraging the rural-urban nexus for development] [An empowerment agenda for rural livelihoods] [Investing in smallholder family agriculture for global food security and nutrition] [Promoting the resilience of poor rural households]
Coordinator of the Initiative for Agricultural and Rural de Development in Mali (ARD)
Country Representative Young Professionals’ Platform for Agricultural Research for Development in Mali (YPARD)
BP-E: 4630 Bamako, Mali
Kalaban coura Street 200 Door 727
Phone: (00223) 20284223
Mobile: (00223) 76312529
Today, we stand united with people in South Africa and around the world in mourning the loss of President Nelson Mandela.
President Mandela was a champion against injustice and a true ally in the fight against hunger. His concern was always for the most vulnerable and disadvantaged people in the world, and his words and actions were a motivational force for all of us here at WFP.
In President Mandela’s own words:
Hunger is an issue of social justice and not economics. Our economic approach to food and its distribution reflects our basic moral values. There are relatively poor countries where almost everyone is reasonably fed and richer ones where there is widespread malnutrition. The economic systems in these countries vary. Those who have succeeded have done so because they have made it a priority to end it. Hunger is a moral issue.
WFP has more than 13,000 staff in more than 80 countries who work every day to bring nutritious food to those who are hungry. And we have more than 1.2 million supporters like you who help make that possible.
Together, let’s honour the memory of President Mandela by continuing to carry out our mission of ending hunger, wherever it is found.
The World Food Programme (WFP) fights hunger worldwide, saving lives during emergencies while building a better future for the next generation. WFP is funded solely by voluntary donations.
Via C.G.Viola 68
UN Rome-Based Agencies Reveal Food Security And Nutrition Targets For Post-2015 Agenda
Liberian President and Italian Vice-Minister join high-level meeting of FAO, IFAD, WFP.
ROME, 4 April 2014 — The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and the World Food Programme (WFP) unveiled today the results of their joint work to develop targets and indicators for a new global development paradigm for sustainable agriculture, food security and nutrition. This is a critical piece in the three agencies’ contribution to the ongoing intergovernmental discussions on the post-2015 development agenda, the successor framework to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).Download Targets and Indicators document
The targets and indicators were presented at a high-level meeting at WFP headquarters, where the President of the Republic of Liberia, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, was guest of honour. The Italian Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs, Lapo Pistelli also attended the meeting.
Representatives from the three agencies stressed the need to finish the job of the MDGs that expire in 2015, but also to broaden their scope to address deeper issues of universal relevance like malnutrition, sustainable and inclusive food systems, and their inter-linkages. The three agencies identified a list of five targets:
• Access to adequate food all year round for all people.
• End malnutrition in all its forms with special attention to stunting.
• Make all food production systems more productive, sustainable, resilient and efficient.
• Secure access for all small food producers, especially women, to adequate inputs, knowledge, productive resources and services.
• More efficient post-production food systems that reduce the global rate of food loss and waste by 50 percent.
The UN Rome-based agencies emphasized that progress in these areas would have to come through innovative partnerships – among governments, with the private sector, with development institutions, and with all members of society, from producers to consumers. New governance mechanisms would also be needed to monitor impact, ensure accountability, and give different stakeholders a voice in decision-making. Attention was drawn to the important role in global food security of small-scale food producers, who need to be at the centre of new investments and new partnerships for a hunger-free world.
“The overarching priority of the post-2015 development agenda is the eradication of poverty in all its forms,” said President of Liberia, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, who is co-Chair of the High-Level Panel of Eminent Persons on the post-2015 development agenda. “The Common African Position drawing from the African Union’s 2063 long-term agenda is a resolve to deliver on our various declarations and commitments on the social and economic integration, poverty eradication, and employment generation for our people. It aims to reorient the development paradigm away from externally-driven initiatives toward domestically-inspired and funded initiatives.”
The new targets are in line with the UN Secretary-General’s Zero Hunger Challenge, which envisions a world where, within our lifetime, no-one experiences chronic hunger and malnutrition. The work of the three Rome-based agencies has been consistently inspired by this shared vision.
FAO Deputy Director-General for Natural Resources, Maria Helena Semedo, stated that the targets would inform UN Member States currently negotiating a set of sustainable development goals. “There can be no sustainable development without eradicating hunger,” she said. “We believe that incorporating these five targets in the post-2015 development agenda will ensure a more comprehensive approach to tackling hunger,food insecurity, malnutrition – to nourishing people while nurturing the planet,” she noted.
Highlighting the collaboration of the UN agencies IFAD President Kanayo F. Nwanze said: “A future of ‘zero hunger’ will not be built by any one organization in isolation. We know that we are stronger and more effective when we work in partnership, including with the billions of rural women and men who work hard each day to ensure our food security.”
“Food security and nutrition play a critical role in shaping a brighter tomorrow for today’s most vulnerable families particularly the children. Eliminating hunger unlocks the potential of individuals, communities and nations,” said WFP Executive Director, Ertharin Cousin. “Achieving these goals will require hardwiring equity into economic growth assuring no one is left behind.”
The three UN agencies stressed that successes associated with the MDGs have been substantial in some areas, such as halving the number of people living in extreme poverty, dramatically increasing the number of people with access to safe drinking water as well as boosting primary school enrolment.
But the agencies emphasized that gains were by no means universal and much work still needed to be done given that around 840 million people remain chronically hungry and that poverty continues to be pervasive in rural areas around the world.
The new development goals to be set by the UN General Assembly in 2015 should therefore be a catalyst towards the realization of the right to adequate food, improved nutrition, gender equality, focus on smallholders and sustainable and resilient food systems.
For more information, please contact:
Posted: 25 Apr 2014 08:42 AM PDT
Worldview Mission is targeting the following key areas to achieve the First Millennium Development Goal;
- Promotion Modern Techniques in Agriculture
- Creating Sustainable Livelihood Sources
- Community Awareness and Advocacy to enhance the per capita income
- Building linkages between markets and local producers/growers
- Emergency assistance of extreme poor through food items and cash for work initiatives
To help young people in urban and under served areas become leaders in their communities and throughout the world.
1) Partner with communities and educational facilities to teach the importance of finance ABC’s.
2) Develop workshops and cultural programs which teach youth how to empower themselves.
3) Provide educational scholarships to youngsters.