Ban Ki-Moon



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United Nations Thank you, New York

The United Nations expresses its gratitude to the City of New York for hosting the historic Millennium Summit by spelling out “Thank You” in lights on its Secretariat Building on 10 and 11 September 2000. Nearly 150 world leaders gathered at the United Nations for the Summit, which took place from 6 to 8 September 2000 and was the largest such gathering in history. It was a great honour to be there as the official Indian Youth Representative to address the U.N. Millennium Assembly!

In peace, Bremley

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Ban Ki-moon: The World Needs “a positive future” — The Global Conversation

Dear Friends and Colleagues, 

Recently Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon spoke to thee global need for a positive future.  The UNSD Education Caucus encourages our members and partners to think in terms of positive messages that not only inform, inspire, but also to act.  It is happening world-wide as people address their challenges.  As one of our members stated at a global conference about her initiative, “African solutions by African people to African problems.”, you could easily insert Asia, LAC, Europe, etc., it is  happening, especially in terms of Community-Based Participation engaging multiple stakeholders at all levels.
The world needs to have “a positive future” despite its many challenges, says United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon. “I have been devoting all my time and energy and my passion to work together with the member states to make this world better, in terms of sustainable development, climate change, gender empowerment and youth empowerment,” says Ban.
All the best,
Pam Puntenney and Bremley Lyngdoh
UNSD Education Caucus
Co-Coordinators Climate Change

Dr. P. J. Puntenney
Environmental & Human Systems Management
1989 West Liberty
 Ann Arbor, MI  48103  USA
Cell:  1-734-352-7429
Land line: +1 (734) 994-3612




Full Text of the Pope’s speech to the UN


Pope-Francis-enters-the-UN-General-AssemblyPope-Francis-enters-the-UN-General-Assembly, Sept 2015



Highlights UN SDGs – visions and learnings

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New ideas, courage needed to meet SDGs – Uhuru

Historic new Global Goals unanimously adopted by United Nations -

Dear Friends and Colleagues,

Here are some links to highlights to share with your colleagues and networks, as this Summit evolves over the weekend.
•  The Pope’s speech at the UN:
~ Secretary General Ban Ki-moon welcomes the Pope who speaks to the United Nations staff, 
~ Following the Pope’s visit, live coverage,
•  Adoption of SDGs,
~ Opening of the Post-2015 Development Agenda Summit – General Assembly, 4th plenary meeting, 70th session,
~ Comments to the media by H.E. Mr. Mogens Lykketoft, President of the GA’s 70th session,
~ “New ideas and courage will be critical in achieving the SDGs adopted Friday at the UNGA, according to President Uhuru Kenyatta,
~ (Part 2) 25 Sept 2015 – High-level plenary meeting of the General Assembly (1st meeting) integrated and coordinated implementation of and follow-up to the outcomes of the major United Nations conferences and summits in the economic social and related fields, UN 2015 Time for Global Action: 
• 2015 Time for Global Action

All the best,
Pam Puntenney and Bremley Lyngdoh
UN SD Education Caucus Co-Chairs
Co-Coordinators Climate Change
Dr. P. J. Puntenney
Environmental & Human Systems Management
1989 West Liberty
 Ann Arbor, MI  48103  USA
Cell: +1-(734) 352•7429
Landline: +1-(734) 994•3612

learn more,



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The signatories of an open letter to member states argue that, given the array of current crises, the selection of Ban Ki-moon’s successor as head of the UN in 2016 will be one of the organisation’s most important decisions over the next decade.

“Call For Comments”  The Eco Audit — Ban Ki-moon Calls on Nations to do more Protect the Environmen​t

Dear Friends and Colleagues,

UN secretary general Ban Ki-moon has called on nations to do more to protect the environment from the devastation of war.


“The environment has long been a silent casualty of war and armed conflict. From the contamination of land and the destruction of forests to the plunder of natural resources and the collapse of management systems, the environmental consequences of war are often widespread and devastating,” said Ban in a statement for the UN’s International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict on Thursday.

“Let us reaffirm our commitment to protect the environment from the impacts of war, and to prevent future conflicts over natural resources.”

 The Guardian posted an article, “What’s the environmental impact of  modern war?”  Ban Ki-moon has called on nations to do more to protect the environment from the destruction of war, but even in times of peace our militaries  have a huge impact on natural resources [and the health of human and natural systems], to learn more
We ask in this 21st century “What is the role and function of environmental education, sustainability, and engaging stakeholders to effectively protect living systems?”  Let us know your thoughts.
 All the best,
Pam Puntenney and Bremley Lyngdoh
UN SD Education Caucus Co-Chairs
Co-Coordinators Climate Change

Secretary General “horrified and heartbroken” over latest refugee deaths

Dear Community of Educators,

The UN Secretary-General has said he is “horrified and heartbroken” over the latest deaths in Austria and at sea of refugees desperate to reach Europe’s shores.
Ban Ki-moon said such countless human tragedies require a collective response from the international community.
“This is a human tragedy that requires a determined collective political response.  It is a crisis of solidarity, not a crisis of numbers.  Let us do all we can to provide people in the most desperate circumstances with a measure of safety and a sense of hope.”
This is a global tragedy that effects everyone, the increase in climate refugees will ask of us creative policies and solutions at the international cooperation/coordination level.  Here is a link to some background on the current crisis,
 In peace,
Pam Puntenney and Bremley Lyngdoh
UNSD Education Caucus Co-Chairs
Dr. P. J. Puntenney
Environmental & Human Systems Management
1989 West Liberty
Ann Arbor, MI  48103  USA
Cell: +1-(734) 352•7429
Landline: +1-(734) 994•3612

President Barack Obama Ambassador Mohamed Abdullah M. Al Rumaihi, State of Qatar

President Barack Obama Of The United State Of America participates in an ambassador credentialing ceremony with Ambassador Mohamed Abdullah M. Al Rumaihi, State of Qatar, in the Oval Office.


White House Credentialing Ceremonies




Schooling – Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon A Call to World Leaders to Secure Education for Young People Worldwide Children “Seeds of Future Progress”

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 Dear Community of Educators,

On July 7, 2015 the Oslo Summit was held on Education for Development.  UN News Centre reports on Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s insights on the importance of the right to an education in a world of global citizenship, especially in developing countries and in conflict areas, see

Education ‘essential to vision of a life of dignity for all,’ says Ban at Norway summit

7 July 2015 – The Oslo Summit on Education for Development is a chance to reaffirm the human right to education, an opportunity to mobilize political commitment, and “our moment” to galvanize international support for education, United Nations Secretary-GeneralBan Ki-moon declared today in Norway, where he has been attending a number of high-level events over the past two days.

“We are here to secure commitments to deliver on the promises of the sustainable development agenda. Education is essential to its vision of a life of dignity for all,” the Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said, noting that the Summit is being held just six days before the Third International Conference on Financing for Development, which will take place in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

From the AP reporting service…

“The United Nations chief has joined Nobel Peace Prize winner Malala Yousafzai in calling on world leaders to secure education for young people across the globe.

Describing children as the “seeds of future progress,” Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said Tuesday that education is the “the soil to help them grow into global citizens.”

Ban spoke in the Norwegian capital, Oslo, at an international conference to promote education in Third World and conflict-stricken countries.

Malala, a Pakistani teenager shot by the Taliban in 2012 for asserting her right to an education, said books were “a better investment in our future than bullets.”

The Oslo conference comes in preparation for a summit on financing education and other strategies to combat poverty in Ethiopia later this month and the U.N. General Assembly in September.”

(UN SD Education Caucus members, Celine Paramunayil [lead] and Divine Ntiokam, are preparing for the meeting on finance for development in Ethiopia.)
Opening of Oslo Summit on Education for Development
EDU Summit (2)
EDU Summit (3)
Picture Ban
If you attended the Oslo Summit, please share a brief summary, highlights, and your experience.  If you are following and will be attending the Third International Conference on Financing for Development, let us know, you may want to also meet-up with Celine and others during the Conference.
All the best,
Pam Puntenney and Bremley Lyngdoh
UN SD Education Caucus Co-Chairs
Dr. P. J. Puntenney
Environmental & Human Systems Management
1989 West Liberty
 Ann Arbor, MI  48103  USA
Cell: +1-(734) 352•7429
Landline: +1-(734) 994•3612
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California (CA) 59
New York (NY) 18
Virginia (VA) 15
Idaho (ID) 7
Colorado (CO) 6
Minnesota (MN) 6
Florida (FL) 5
Maryland (MD) 5
Texas (TX) 4
Washington (WA) 4
Illinois (IL) 3
Oregon (OR) 2
Delaware (DE) 2
Indiana (IN) 2
Louisiana (LA) 2
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District of Columbia (DC) 2
Arizona (AZ) 1
Arkansas (AR) 1
Ohio (OH) 1
Montana (MT) 1
Michigan (MI) 1
Oklahoma (OK) 1
New Jersey (NJ) 1
Iowa (IA) 1
Pennsylvania (PA) 1
Missouri (MO) 1
N/A 8
Nigeria (NG) 101
Lagos 42
Niger 13
Oyo 7
Anambra 1
N/A 38
Cote D’Ivoire (CI) 75
Lagunes 69
N/A 6
Netherlands (NL)


Zuid-Holland 32
Noord-Holland 11
Gelderland 4
Noord-Brabant 2
Utrecht 2
Groningen 1
Friesland 1
Flevoland 1
Zeeland 1
Limburg 1
N/A 10

Europe (EU)47

N/A 47

United Kingdom (GB)40

London 13
Dorset 2
Leeds 1
Newtownabbey 1
Bradford 1
Edinburgh 1
Fife 1
Lancashire 1
Aberdeenshire 1
Manchester 1
Bracknell Forest 1
Kent 1
Harrow 1
Coventry 1
Birmingham 1
Kirklees 1
N/A 11

India (IN)31

Maharashtra 7
Delhi 5
Karnataka 4
Haryana 2
Tamil Nadu 2
Uttar Pradesh 2
West Bengal 2
Andhra Pradesh 2
Kerala 1
N/A 4

Brazil (BR)29

Sao Paulo 10
Parana 4
Goias 2
Minas Gerais 2
Distrito Federal 2
Ceara 1
Bahia 1
Alagoas 1
Mato Grosso do Sul 1
Santa Catarina 1
Rio de Janeiro 1
Rio Grande do Sul 1
N/A 2

Senegal (SN)26

Dakar 19
N/A 7

South Africa (ZA)24

Gauteng 19
KwaZulu-Natal 2
Mpumalanga 1
Western Cape 1
N/A 1

Germany (DE)22

Nordrhein-Westfalen 6
Hessen 4
Baden-Wurttemberg 3
Berlin 2
Niedersachsen 1
Bremen 1
Bayern 1
Saarland 1
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N/A 2

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N/A 1

Kenya (KE)17

Nairobi Area 15
N/A 2

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Oueme 2
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N/A 3

Uganda (UG)13

Kampala 9
N/A 4

Japan (JP)13

Osaka 4
Tokyo 4
Kanagawa 2
Fukushima 1
Wakayama 1
N/A 1

France (FR)12

Ile-de-France 5
Picardie 1
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Centre 1
Pays de la Loire 1
N/A 2

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N/A 10

Italy (IT)10

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Lazio 2
Veneto 1
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Ethiopia (ET)10

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Binshangul Gumuz 1
N/A 6

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N/A 1

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N/A 3

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N/A 3

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N/A 4

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N/A 1

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N/A 1

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N/A 1

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N/A 2

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N/A 3

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N/A 3

  Asia/Pacific Region (AP)3

N/A 3

Argentina (AR)3

Chaco 1
Cordoba 1
N/A 1

Zambia (ZM)3

Lusaka 2
N/A 1

Sweden (SE)3

Gavleborgs Lan 1
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N/A 1

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N/A 1

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N/A 1

Bosnia and Herzegovina (BA)1






Report of the UN Secretary-General on MDGs, SDGs and Post-2015 – “latest draft version” {Call For Input}


Dear SD Education Caucus Members and networks,

Attached is the latest draft report of the UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon to be presented at the UN General Assembly (UNGA) on September 25th at UN Headquarters in NY.  The sections below reflect the SDGs and Post-2015 goals.  Presented “as if” one single, universal, global development agenda, it is not yet the final version.  We can contribute our input into the process.  When you have a moment, consult with your colleagues and networks and send along y our comments and suggestions.  Please note the section or paragraph number(s) you are referring to.  Thanks.
We look forward to hearing from you.
Thank you Tamra for passing this “Head’s-up” along to the Ed. Caucus networks.
All the best,
Pam Puntenney and Bremley Lyngdoh
UN SD Education Caucus Co-Chairs
Co-Coordinators Climate Change
Dr. P. J. Puntenney
Environmental & Human Systems Management
1989 West Liberty
 Ann Arbor, MI  48103  USA
Cell:  (734) 330-0238
Voice/Fax: (734) 994-3612


From:  Tamra Raven <>
Verification. Transparency. Long Term Monitoring LTM
iv) a monitoring framework for tracking the progress and an accountability mechanism for stakeholders at all levels.

62.     Meanwhile, the UN Conference on Sustainable Development in 2012 (Rio+20) initiated an inclusive intergovernmental process to develop a set of sustainable development goals (SDGs). An Open Working Group (OWG) of the General Assembly is currently conducting a series of discussions aimed at formulating a proposal on SDGs to be presented to the 68th session of the General Assembly which should form an integral part of the post-2015 development agenda. The UNTT is providing substantive support to the OWG through the Technical Support Team.

63.     Discussions in these different tracks all point to the importance of arriving at a single, universal, global post-2015 development agenda which is applicable to all countries, assuring no person and no nation are left behind, with sustainable development at its core.

64.     For such an agenda to take root, four core elements will need to be put in place: (i) a far-reaching vision of the future for all, firmly anchored in human rights and the  universal values and principles encapsulated in the Millennium Declaration[1]; (ii) a set of concise goals to highlight the priorities of the development agenda, iii) a global partnership for development to mobilize effective means of implementation of the agenda; and (iv) a monitoring framework for tracking the progress and an accountability mechanism for stakeholders at all levels.

[1] Millennium Declaration, para 6

Towards a post-2015 agenda

1.     Complete the unfinished business of MDGs and transition to Post 2015 agenda: as illustrated in earlier section, it is critical that national governments and development partners move from “business as usual” and change course and offer financial and technical support to deliver better MDG outcomes. Redoubling of efforts to achieve all MDGs based on lessons learnt is critical for improving progress which has added benefit of providing a strong baseline for Post 2015 agenda.  Transition from MDGs to post 2015 would require recognizing the old and emerging challenges and building on the momentum gained in global debates not to loose sight of MDGs related agenda within a more holistic and sustainable development framework.  System wide policy convergence and coherence in the processes and on substance will be critical for reaching timely agreements.

2.     Confronting the growing environmental challenge:   Environmental challenges have magnified as confirmed by the evidence on carbon emission, sea level and temperature rises etc. that has compounded problems of vulnerable countries.  The dangers posed by climate change are no longer a matter of the future; instead they are an important part of the present reality. Adverse effects of global climate change and natural disasters have taken a toll on MDG efforts in many developing countries, including in Small Island Developing States and low-lying coastal countries. Sea level rise, abnormal weather patterns (including prolonged draught and untimely rainfall), and the increased incidence and scope of extreme weather events and other natural disasters are hampering these countries’ efforts to achieve MDGs. Extreme weather events are affecting developed countries too, forcing them to spend more on relief, rehabilitation, and reconstruction.

3.     In addition to climate challenge, there are challenges with regard to deforestation, bio-diversity, desertification, ocean acidification, soil degradation, freshwater availability, resource depletion, etc. The earth’s ecosystem that underpins all human economic activity and life, in general, is under serious stress.[1] A root cause of the current ecological crisis is the unsustainable patterns of consumption and production that have taken hold in developed countries for a long time now, and is currently spreading to developing countries.

4.     Dealing with demographic challenges and opportunities: the current world population of 7.2 billion is projected to increase to 8.1 billion in 2025 and 9.6 billion in 2050. [2]  While the population of developed countries is projected to remain unchanged at around 1.3 billion, the population of developing countries is projected to increase from 5.9 billion in 2013 to 8.2 billion in 2050. Countries with rapidly growing youth populations and slowing fertility rates have the potential to reap a demographic dividend, but only if dynamic economies create adequate employment opportunities for their youth. On the other hand, countries with slow population growth and rapid aging find it difficult to support their old age population with a smaller proportion of the population in the working age group.

5.     International migration from countries with large youth population to countries with large aged population can be a way of utilizing for mutual benefit the different demographic dynamics in different parts of the world. However, there are strong political, social, cultural, and psychological barriers to large scale migration, particularly in developed countries. Reconciling demographic challenges with their opportunities will therefore be an important task for post-2015 years.
6.     Confronting challenges and opportunities of urbanization: globally, the rate of urbanization crossed the 50 per cent mark in 2007, and it is projected to reach 70 per cent by 2050. Sustainability will therefore mean by and large sustainability of cities. Urbanization creates the huge challenge of providing urban dwellers with jobs, income, necessary physical amenities, including housing, transportation, utilities, and also various social services and cultural amenities. At the same time, compact living in cities creates the opportunity for more efficient delivery and use of the physical facilities and amenities and thus can help to reach environmental sustainability goals. Much therefore depends on the type of urbanization that a country pursues.


7.     Harnessing technological progress for sustainable development: Science and technology, whether in information, transportation, communications, or lifesaving medicines, helped countries leapfrog to new level of sustainable development. It has helped innovate in several ways extending beyond high-tech products that have enhanced speed of communication and outreach to new business practices and development approaches which are enhancing efficiency and productivity. Nurturing science and technology by facilitating foreign direct investment flows that are complemented by right transfer of technology is critical for leveraging innovative solutions for sustainable development, such as renewable energy and other environmental technologies, that are waiting to be scaled up. This will depend on necessary policies, institutional changes, right incentives, legal backing and societal transformations. An important challenge for post-2015 will be to ensure that technological progress helps the human society to bring together the economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainable development.


Part III: Advancing the UN Development agenda beyond 2015

8.     In order to ensure a seamless transition, Member States in 2010 launched a global process to advance the UN development agenda beyond 2015,[3] and requested the Secretary General to initiate thinking about the post 2015 agenda.[4]


9.     The Secretary-General has since set up a number of mechanisms to facilitate the process, including the UN System Task Team (UNTT), comprised of about 60 UN agencies, which has produced a series of analytical reports;[5] the High-level Panel of Eminent Persons (HLP), which has delivered its report with specific recommendations regarding the post-2015 agenda;[6] and the Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN), which has mobilized academic and technical expertise, and also delivered its report[7]. At the same time, the Regional Commissions have also produced a joint report on post-2015 and the Global Compact (GC) has recently issued a report reflecting the business sector’s perspective. The United Nations Development Group (UNDG) has organized national consultations in over 80 countries and global thematic consultations in eleven issue areas.[8] A large number of civil society organizations and academic institutions worldwide have also actively participated in the discussions on the post-2015 agenda.

10.  Meanwhile, the UN Conference on Sustainable Development in 2012 (Rio+20) initiated an inclusive intergovernmental process to develop a set of sustainable development goals (SDGs). An Open Working Group (OWG) of the General Assembly is currently conducting a series of discussions aimed at formulating a proposal on SDGs to be presented to the 68th session of the General Assembly which should form an integral part of the post-2015 development agenda. The UNTT is providing substantive support to the OWG through the Technical Support Team.

11.  Discussions in these different tracks all point to the importance of arriving at a single, universal, global post-2015 development agenda which is applicable to all countries, assuring no person and no nation are left behind, with sustainable development at its core.

12.  For such an agenda to take root, four core elements will need to be put in place: (i) a far-reaching vision of the future for all, firmly anchored in human rights and the  universal values and principles encapsulated in the Millennium Declaration[9]; (ii) a set of concise goals to highlight the priorities of the development agenda, iii) a global partnership for development to mobilize effective means of implementation of the agenda; and (iv) a monitoring framework for tracking the progress and an accountability mechanism for stakeholders at all levels.


II.1 Vision and transformative actions of the post-2015 Development Agenda

13.  The vision for post-2015 should be a world free from poverty, and from fear of violence, oppression and injustice; fundamental human rights are upheld; accountable institutions ensure peace, security and the rule of law; all individuals and nations enjoy equal opportunity to reap the benefits of sustainable development; all young boys and girls have universal access to primary education; people, especially women and youth, can find decent jobs and have universal social protection ; everyone has access to safe drinking water, sanitation, heath services, and modern energy; and the planet’s ecosystems are secure and its natural resources are well managed in accordance with the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities, for the benefit of both the present and future generations.


14.  The vision and post-2015 development agenda should resonate with all peoples as a moral and political imperative – in high-income, middle-income and low-income countries, in LDCs, SIDS and LLDCs. The agenda must bring hope to people living in conflict-prone areas, violence-affected and marginalized communities, and in countries vulnerable to climate change and natural disasters.
15.  The agenda will also be able to initiate a number of necessary transformative actions simultaneously, for example:


16.  Eradicate extreme poverty. This action will remain at the top of the post-2015 agenda until it is achieved, once and for all. Poverty takes different forms, is reinforced by discrimination, and compounded by environmental risks and natural disasters. Therefore, eradication of poverty in its multiple dimensions calls for a multifaceted approach encapsulated in the term sustainable development, which focuses on underlying as well as immediate causes.


17.  End hunger and malnutrition.  Besides millions of hungry and undernourished people in world, there will be an additional 2.4 billion people by 2050. While food availability is critical for low, and some middle and high-income countries, the poorest regions will remain under threat of hunger and undernourishment.  Addressing hunger and food insecurity in a world of continued population growth will require a combination of stable and adequate income for all, sustainable improvements in agricultural productivity, and strengthened social protection for vulnerable populations.


18.  Tackle exclusion and inequalities. In addition to ensuring that no one is left behind, a post-2015 agenda should strive to bring everyone forward by not only focusing on equality of opportunity but also on equality of outcomes. It is critical to reduce inequalities in all forms by promoting and ensuring respect for human rights. Access to basic universal social protection for people in poverty, the sick, elderly and other vulnerable groups remains a critical support to individual and societal well-being.
19.  Promote inclusive and sustainable growth, with a focus on full employment and decent jobs. Inclusive and sustainable growth, buttressed by economic diversification and productivity enhancements, will create opportunities for productive and decent jobs, which are the most important source of income security for poverty eradication.


20.  Address the environmental challenges. The worst effects of climate change can still be averted, but this will require a greatly stepped-up response at all levels and by all stakeholders, including national governments, businesses, and consumers. The adoption of sustainable patterns of consumption and production will be critical, as well as major technological transformations involving environmentally sound technologies, their timely development, transfer and diffusion.


21.  Build good governance, and effective and accountable institutions. Good governance, strong, effective and accountable institutions, and the rule of law are key enablers for sustainable development, as well as development outcomes.

22.  Reinforce the three pillars of the UN. The three core mandates of the United Nations – peace and security, human rights, and development – are inter-linked and mutually reinforcing. Freedom from fear must go beyond conflict and fragility to encompass day-to-day security and safety from violence for all people.

23.  Focus on the special needs of the most vulnerable people and countriessuch as countries affected by conflicts and natural disasters, and LDCs, LLDCs and SIDS and the people living in them.

III.2 Goal setting for the post-2015 Development Agenda

24.  A single, balanced, and comprehensive set of goals, that fully integrate the three dimensions of sustainable development, should form the core of the post-2015 UN development agenda. At the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development of 2012, Member States agreed that “the formulation of the sustainable development goals (SDGs) should be coherent with and integrated in the post-2015 development agenda.”

25.  The framing of the SDGs will necessarily be broader than that of the MDGs, thus more challenging for setting the goals. However, it is achievable. For example, the Report of the HLP, and the proposals made by the SDSN and the GC have already included a set of illustrative goals and targets. The Report of the HLP recommended that each goal should solve a critical issue; encapsulate a compelling message on issues that motivate people; be easy to understand; be measurable; be widely applicable in countries with different circumstances; be grounded in the voice of people, especially children, youth, women and marginalized groups; and be consensus based.

26.  In comparison, the SDSN approach to setting goals emphasizes integrated thinking along all dimensions of sustainable development. Each goal would have implications for improvement in all dimensions. SDSN also underscores the importance of pursuing all goals in combination, rather than individually.

27.  When setting goals, among the key considerations are: keeping the focus on poverty eradication as the overarching objective; reflecting the three dimensions of sustainable development across goals and targets; shaping universally applicable goals that take into account diverse national realities and conditions; addressing the specific needs of the most vulnerable countries; and including cross-cutting issues such as gender and other inequalities, sustainable consumption and production, and issues related to population change, in a meaningful way.

III.3. A renewed global partnership for the post-2015 development agenda

28.  As the Report of the High-level Panel notes, the renewed global partnership “should be based on our common humanity and the principles established at Rio [including] universality, equity, sustainability, solidarity, human rights, the right to development and responsibilities shared in accordance with capabilities. The partnership should capture, and will depend on, a spirit of mutual respect and mutual benefit.”[10] In addition, the renewed global partnership should be complemented by multi-stakeholder and multi-sectorial partnerships, including national, sub-national and regional partnerships.

29.  A renewed global partnership should build on the present partnership as defined under MDG 8, as well as on existing inter-governmental agreements, such as the Millennium Declaration, the Monterrey Consensus and Doha Declaration, the Rio Principles and the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation.[11] All partners should continue to deliver on past commitments, particularly those for ODA.

30.  However, a renewed global partnership for post-2015 will have to take into account the changes in the global geo-economic and geo-political landscape since the Millennium Declaration, including the dramatic rise of many developing countries. In order to meet many of today’s challenges, such as climate change, financial stability, migration, tax evasion and illicit flows, the new partnership needs to have a more dynamic, flexible and innovative structure, and a broader scope than the one under MDG 8.  The partnership should be an effective means to mobilize long-term resources, promote innovation and facilitate technology transfer, including South-South innovation.

31.  A renewed global partnership should rely on strengthened cooperation among Member States of the UN. At the same time, it should bring together other partners, including civil society and volunteers, local authorities, parliaments, international organizations, the private sector, private philanthropic foundations, research institutes and academia.

32.  Each priority area of the post-2015 development agenda could be supported by a range of voluntary dynamic multi-stakeholders partnerships that bring together ‘partners in implementation’, such as in the Secretary-General’s Energy for All initiative or his Every Woman, Every Child initiative. The UN can play an important role in fostering effective partnerships with a plurality of actors in key areas, based on common goals, clearly delineated responsibilities, and accountability.

33.  An area where partnerships are particularly important is the financing framework for sustainable development.  ODA will remain important – leveraging other sources for financing in many developing and middle-income countries. It also remains vital for LDCs, LLDCs, SIDS, and countries emerging from conflicts. It will be critical to ensure that donors deliver on past commitments, as part of the renewed global partnership for development. In addition, governments should strive toward greater aid effectiveness, including through the Global Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation, as agreed at the Fourth High-Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness in Busan, Republic of Korea.

34.  However, ODA on its own will be far from sufficient. A framework for sustainable development finance will need to include all sources, including private and public financing at the national, regional, and international levels. Domestic resource mobilization will remain crucial, including strengthening domestic tax systems and developing local financial markets.

35.  At the intergovernmental level, a renewed global partnership is being discussed in the context of the follow-up to the International Conference on Financing for Development, ECOSOC’s biennial High-level Development Cooperation Forum (DCF), and the intergovernmental Expert Committee on Sustainable Development Financing. The HLP further suggested that a Financing for Development review conference could discuss how to integrate development, sustainable development and environmental financing streams, based on the findings of the Expert Committee, to achieve a coherent overall financing structure.

III.4 A comprehensive monitoring framework and a robust accountability mechanism 


36.  Monitoring achievement of development goals and accountability of stakeholders will be crucial to ensure delivery on commitments and implementation of the post-2015 development agenda. While governments should continue to lead monitoring efforts, a new framework should also draw upon the strengths of the diverse set of development stakeholders.
37.  The availability of information has improved during the implementation of the MDGs, but many countries continue to have significant problems in supporting quality data collection programmes as well as data dissemination and analysis. Better data and statistics are needed, especially because the post-2015 agenda involves measuring a broader range of indicators, requiring more disaggregated data to monitoring “no one is left behind”. In this context, the revolution in information technology over the last decade provides opportunity for a ‘data revolution’ that should enable countries to draw on existing and new sources of information. Many developing countries require technical and financial support to enhance statistical capacity.


38.  Drawing upon its experience with monitoring MDG implementation, the Inter-Agency and Expert Group (IAEG) on MDG Indicators should play a leading role in elaborating and supporting indicators of a post-2015 development agenda, and so should the UN Statistical Commission.


39.  The post-2015 development agenda will need a robust mutual accountability mechanism, which is considered as a major weakness of MDG 8. Closing the existing delivery gap will require authoritative accountability mechanisms at global, regional and national levels. At the regional level, mechanisms such as peer reviews can serve as effective mutual accountability tools. Accountability mechanisms will be crucial in the light of stronger multi-stakeholder participation in development cooperation, ensuring all partners accountable for meeting their commitments.

40.  Member States have taken some encouraging steps to strengthen monitoring and accountability. ECOSOC’s Annual Ministerial Review has been reviewing progress towards the achievements of the internationally agreed development goals, including the MDGs. It could evolve into a central venue for monitoring the implementation of the post-2015 agenda. The biennial High-level Development Cooperation Forum, which has emerged as a mutual accountability forum within the UN system, could further expand its role.

41.  A resolution is expected to be adopted shortly by the General Assembly defining the mandate, organizational structure and working methods of the high-level political forum. It is expected that the forum will meet under both the auspices of ECOSOC (annually) and the Assembly (every four years). There is broad agreement that the forum should bring in the highest level of political support to the implementation and monitoring of commitments in a unified post-2015 development agenda.

III.5 A roadmap towards formulation and launch of the post-2015 development agenda

42.  With less than 850 days remaining till the 2015 target date for the achievement of the MDGs, the Special Event of the President of the General Assembly to be convened on 25 September 2013 will be a key opportunity to take stock of progress, or lack thereof, and galvanize political support for accelerating MDG achievement. At the same time, and to ensure a seamless transition, the Special Event can also serve as an occasion to reflect on the broad contours of the post-2015 development agenda. Moreover, the Special Event could issue a call for holding a 2015 United Nations Summit at the level of Heads of State and Government to adopt the post-2015 development agenda.

43.  Following the Special Event, and with a view to initiating preparations for a 2015 summit, the General Assembly at the start of its sixty-eighth session could request the President of the Assembly to hold consultations on a procedural enabling resolution to authorize the Secretariat to begin preparations for a 2015 UN Summit. The resolution could also request the Secretary-General to prepare a report on the modalities, format and organization of such a Summit, for submission to the General Assembly by March 2014. This report could serve as a basis for General Assembly consultations on a comprehensive resolution on the timing, scope, format, participation and expected outcome of a 2015 Summit.

44.  The General Assembly could launch the final phase of the intergovernmental consultations on a post-2015 development agenda during its sixty-ninth session in the fall of 2014. These consultations could be informed by a synthesis report of the Secretary-General drawing on the outcomes of the Open Working Group on Sustainable Development and the Expert Committee on a Sustainable Development Financing Strategy, expected to be completed by September 2014. In addition, these consultations would be able to draw on inputs from ongoing work of a broad range of stakeholders at the national, regional and global level. These intergovernmental consultations, could lead to an agreement on the vision, principles, goals and targets of the agenda as well as the new global partnership for development and monitoring and accountability framework which would be critical for the successful implementation of the post-2015 development agenda.

[1] United Nations World Economic and Social Survey 2013

[2] United Nations World Population Prospects 2012

[3] See General Assembly resolution 65/1, para. 81

[4] See General Assembly resolution 65/1, para. 81

[5] For example, Realizing the Future We Want for All, and A Renewed Global Partnership for Development.

[6] A New Global Partnership: eradicate poverty and transform economies through sustainable development,

[8] See ‘The Global Conversation begins’

[9] Millennium Declaration, para 6

[10] High-level Panel Report, 2013

[11] UNTT, A renewed global partnership for development. The report can be found at: In addition to the three documents where the global partnership was initially defined, the Doha Declaration and the outcome documents of the 2005 World Summit, the 2010 MDG Summit and the 2012 Conference on Sustainable Development provide additional guidance.



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