CARICOM

http://worldviewmission.nl/?page_id=132

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JAMAICA-US-OBAMA-CARICOMObama CARICOM-ONE Summit 2015
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COMUNIDAD DEL CARIBE CARICOM

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UYkEld28Jbs

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Caricom Today Logo

http://today.caricom.org/

The latest from the Caribbean Community

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CARICOM Leaders at 2015 CARICOM-USA Summit in Jamaica

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=awGytX8G77Y

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CARICOM SG meets Sint Maarten delegation on Associate Membership

 

 

Obama meeting with CARRICOM Leaders

https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2015/04/09/remarks-president-obama-meeting-caricom

 

YOUTUBE
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y0TQp4GHln4

 

PM Christie Outlines Matters To Be Discussed WIth U.S. President Obama @ CARRICOM:USA Summit

JAMAICA-US-DIPLOMACY-OBAMA-CARICOM

 

US President Barack Obama takes part in meeting with Caribbean Community (CARICOM) leaders as Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz (L) and Bahamas Prime Minister Perry Christie (R) look on at the University of the West Indies on April 9, 2015 in Kingston.

http://www.jamaicaobserver.com/news/US-President-Barack-Obama-takes-part-in-meeting-with-Caribbean-Community–CARICOM–leaders-as-Energy-Secretary-Ernest-Moniz–L–and-Bahamas-Prime-Minister-Perry-Christie–R–look-on-at-the-University-of-the-West-Indies-on-April-9–2015-in-Kingston-

 

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This is who we are Campaign – EE and 21st Century Messaging

Dear Community of Educators,

 
Here is a fun video from the new  ‪#‎thisiswhoweare‬ campaign song with the 6 Caribbean countries that not only tells a story but inspires  “Marine Protection starts with you!”  https://vimeo.com/120300076
 
This song and music video is an international collaboration of artists, organizations and governments to educate the youth in the Caribbean Islands of St. Lucia, Grenada, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Dominica, Antigua/Barbuda, St. Kitts and Nevis, to respect marine life. New York based Hip Hop artist Chad Harper (Famus) joined 2 of St. Lucia’s most famous Soca music artists, Ambi and J Mouse, to create “This Is Who We Are.” The project was initiated by PCI Media Impact and funded by The Nature Conservancy with a grant from the German Government. “This Is Who We Are” will be featured on television and radio in all 6 islands to launch a 6 month campaign of ocean awareness. – See more at: http://www.karmatube.org/videos.php?id=6131#sthash.QcCILYC1.dpuf
 
 
All the best,
Pam Puntenney and Bremley Lyngdoh
UNSD Education Caucus Co-Chairs
__________________
Dr. P. J. Puntenney
Environmental & Human Systems Management
1989 West Liberty
 Ann Arbor, MI  48103  USA
Cell: +1-(734) 352•7429
Landline: +1-(734) 994•3612
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From Marta – Latin America – Carribbean [LA-C] Discussion on Zika, Mosquito Insecticide Pyriproxyfen Suspected

salud.. now more than ever take care of health.. urgent to figure out the real situation re Zika and related aspects to other illnessess.. AS CARMEN HAS SHARED IS IMPORTANT TO SEE WHAT IS REALLY BEHIND, PRESENT AND FUTURE OF WHAT IS GOING ON AND WHY.. AT ANY RATE.. WOMEN AND HUMAN REPRODUCTION ARE AT THE CENTER OF THE WHOLE THING.. WHO CAN HELP? BESIDES GETTNG INFO THAT IS RELATED AND SHARING IT.. HOW DO WE GO ABOUT FOR SERIOUS DOCUMENTATION?

ABRAZOS..MARTA – EL SALVADOR

On Wed, Feb 10, 2016, ‘Carmen Capriles’ via Women_Major_Group <Women_Major_Group@googlegroups.com>

wrote:

Dear women,
I totally agree that is the best time to really push for safe abortions laws in LA-C, I agree that a women should be able to interrupt her pregnancy any time she feels, (the sooner the better) but I really don’t think zika is the REAL cause of microcephaly, as more I read about it, as more it does not make sense, I came with this article and I would like to share it with you, the causes maybe even more scary then just a virus. Microcephaly is strongly related to radiation, after the bombing in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan had an outbreak of microcephaly for example, and now more proves are coming that microcephaly may be link with pesticides.
Hope this is useful and let’s keep this debate going.
Best regards,
Carmen
Argentine and Brazilian doctors suspect mosquito insecti…With the proposed connection between the Zika virus and Brazil’s outbreak of microcephaly in new born babies looking increasingly tenuous, Latin American doctors View on www.theecologist.org

Argentine and Brazilian doctors suspect mosquito insecticide as cause of microcephaly

Claire Robinson / GMWatch
10th February 2016

With the proposed connection between the Zika virus and Brazil’s outbreak of microcephaly in new born babies looking increasingly tenuous, Latin American doctors are proposing another possible cause: Pyriproxyfen, a pesticide used in Brazil since 2014 to arrest the development of mosquito larvae in drinking water tanks. Might the ‘cure’ in fact be the poison?

Malformations detected in thousands of children from pregnant women living in areas where the Brazilian state added Pyriproxyfen to drinking water are not a coincidence, even though the Ministry of Health places direct blame on the Zika virus.
The World Health Organization view that the microcephaly outbreak in Brazil’s impoverished northeast is caused by the Zika virus has, so far, received few challenges.
Brazil’s Health Minister, Marcelo Castro, has gone so far as to say that he has “100% certainty”that there is a link between Zika and microcephaly, a birth defect in which babies are born with small heads.
The view is widely supported in the medical community worldwide, including by the US’s influential Center for Disease Control. But there is no hard evidence of the link, rather a mixture of epidemiological indications and circumstantial evidence.
One of the key scientific papers, by A S Oliveira Melo et al in the journal Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology, found Zika virus in the amniotic fluids and other tissues of the affected babies and their mothers. But only two women were examined, far too small a number to establish a statistically significant link.
The New York Times also reported on 3rd February on the outcome of analyses by Brazil’s Health Ministry: “Of the cases examined so far, 404 have been confirmed as having microcephaly. Only 17 of them tested positive for the Zika virus. But the government and many researchers say that number may be largely irrelevant, because their tests would find the presence of the virus in only a tiny percentage of cases.”
And last weekend, the most powerful indicator yet that the microcephaly may have another cause altogether was announced by Colombia’s president, Juan Manuel Santos, asreported by the Washington Post. Colombian public health officials, stated Santos, have so far diagnosed 3,177 pregnant women with the Zika virus- but in no case had microcephaly been observed in the foetus.
Argentine doctors: it’s the insecticide
Now a new report has been published by the Argentine doctors’ organisation, Physicians in the Crop-Sprayed Towns (PCST), [1] which not only challenges the theory that the Zika virus epidemic in Brazil is the cause of the increase in microcephaly among newborns, but proposes an alternative explanation.
According to PCST, the Ministry failed to recognise that in the area where most sick people live, a chemical larvicide that produces malformations in mosquitoes was introduced into the drinking water supply in 2014.
This pesticide, Pyriproxyfen, is used in a state-controlled programme aimed at eradicating disease-carrying mosquitos. The Physicians added that the Pyriproxyfen is manufactured by Sumitomo Chemical, a Japanese ‘strategic partner‘ of Monsanto. – a company they have learned to distrust due to the vast volume of the company’s pesticides sprayed onto Argentina’s cropland.
Pyriproxyfen is a growth inhibitor of mosquito larvae, which alters the development process from larva to pupa to adult, thus generating malformations in developing mosquitoes and killing or disabling them. It acts as an insect juvenile hormone or juvenoid, and has the effect of inhibiting the development of adult insect characteristics (for example, wings and mature external genitalia) and reproductive development.
The chemical has a relatively low risk profile as shown by its WHO listing, with low acute toxicity. Tests carried out in a variety of animals by Sumitomo found that it was not a teratogen (did not cause birth defects) in the mammals it was tested on. However this cannot be taken as a completely reliable indicator of its effects in humans – especially in the face of opposing evidence.The PCST commented: “Malformations detected in thousands of children from pregnant women living in areas where the Brazilian state added Pyriproxyfen to drinking water are not a coincidence, even though the Ministry of Health places a direct blame on the Zika virus for this damage.”

They also noted that Zika has traditionally been held to be a relatively benign disease that has never before been associated with birth defects, even in areas where it infects 75% of the population.

Brazilian doctors also suspect pyriproxyfen
Pyriproxyfen is a relatively new introduction to the Brazilian environment; the microcephaly increase is a relatively new phenomenon. So the larvicide seems a plausible causative factor in microcephaly – far more so than GM mosquitos, which some have blamed for the Zika epidemic and thus for the birth defects.
The PCST report, which also addresses the Dengue fever epidemic in Brazil, concurs with the findings of a separate report on the Zika outbreak by the Brazilian doctors’ and public health researchers’ organisation, Abrasco. [2]Abrasco also names Pyriproxyfen as a possible cause of the microcephaly. It condemns the strategy of chemical control of Zika-carrying mosquitoes, which it says is contaminating the environment as well as people and is not decreasing the numbers of mosquitoes.

Instead Abrasco suggests that this strategy is in fact driven by the commercial interests of the chemical industry, which it says is deeply integrated into the Latin American ministries of health, as well as the World Health Organization and the Pan American Health Organisation.Abrasco names the British GM insect company Oxitec as part of the corporate lobby that is distorting the facts about Zika to suit its own profit-making agenda. Oxitec sells GM mosquitoes engineered for sterility and markets them as a disease-combatting product – a strategy condemned by the Argentine Physicians as “a total failure, except for the company supplying mosquitoes.”

Both the Brazilian and Argentine doctors’ and researchers’ associations agree that poverty is a key neglected factor in the Zika epidemic. Abrasco condemned the Brazilian government for its “deliberate concealment” of economic and social causes: “In Argentina and across America the poorest populations with the least access to sanitation and safe water suffer most from the outbreak.” PCST agrees, stating, “The basis of the progress of the disease lies in inequality and poverty.”Abrasco adds that the disease is closely linked to environmental degradation: floods caused by logging and the massive use of herbicides on (GM) herbicide-tolerant soy crops – in short, “the impacts of extractive industries.”

The notion that environmental degradation may a factor in the spread of Zika finds backing in the view of Dino Martins, PhD, a Kenyan entomologist. Martins said that “the explosion of mosquitoes in urban areas, which is driving the Zika crisis” is caused by “a lack of natural diversity that would otherwise keep mosquito populations under control, and the proliferation of waste and lack of disposal in some areas which provide artificial habitat for breeding mosquitoes.”

Community-based actions
The Argentine Physicians believe that the best defence against Zika is “community-based actions”. An example of such actions is featured in a BBC News report on the Dengue virus in El Salvador.
A favourite breeding place for disease-carrying mosquitoes is storage containers of standing water. El Salvadorians have started keeping fish in the water containers, and the fish eat the mosquito larvae. Dengue has vanished along with the mosquitoes that transmit the disease. And so far, the locals don’t have any Zika cases either.Simple yet effective programmes like this are in danger of being neglected in Brazil in favour of the corporate-backed programmes of pesticide spraying and releasing GM mosquitoes. The latter is completely unproven and the former may be causing far more serious harm than the mosquitoes that are being targeted.

Claire Robinson is an editor at GMWatch.
This article was originally published by GMWatch. This version includes additional reporting by The Ecologist.
Notes
Carmen Capriles
La Paz – Bolivia
————————————–
On Wednesday, February 10, 2016,  Susana Fried <susana.fried@gmail.com> wrote:
A piece on Zika and HIV that I wrote with Debra Liebowitz and posted in the Lancet Global Health blog today

Susana


On Wed, Feb 10, 2016 , Mary Ann Torres <maryannt@icaso.org>

wrote:

Hi all
This is from the Toronto Star (newspaper)
Mary Ann Torres    Executive Director
www.icaso.org   
65 Wellesley St. E., Suite 503 | Toronto, ON | Canada M4Y 1G7
Mobile: +1 416 419 6338 | Fax: +1 416 921 9979 
Email: maryannt@icaso.org Skype: maryannicaso
Twitter: @icaso_
From: wrc_csw60@googlegroups.com [mailto:wrc_csw60@googlegroups.comOn Behalf Of Bia Galli
Sent: Wednesday, February 03, 2016 
To: Carmen Capriles; b.ramirez.d@hotmail.com; Marianne Haslegrave; Mabel Bianco; Imogen Ingram
Cc: NoeleneN; tyler.crone@gmail.com; Cynthia Rothschild; Susana Fried; wrc_csw60@googlegroups.com; Gita sen; ‘johnbaaki’ via Women_Major_Group
Subject: RE: {Women_Major_Group} Re: Zika virus -Request for shared information/resources
HI Carmen thanks for sharing your opinion and concerns but our position has been that pregnant women should be the ones to decide whether or not to terminate their pregnancies under this major public health emergency and no one should be forced to do so against their will.  As earlier as she can do that the best. The zika outbreak opened the opportunity to challenge restrictive abortion laws in our countries especially where the virus has been associated with microcephaly as it is in Brazil. We also know there are women willing to continue their pregnancies and they also should receive full public policy support to do that, but we know that unfortunately this is often not the case in our countries too.
Individual histories are wonderful but we should look at this outbreak using a public health a feminist human rights perspective.

Best
Bia

Carmen Capriles [mailto:carmen_capriles@yahoo.com
Sent: Wednesday, February 03, 2016
To: b.ramirez.d@hotmail.com; Bia Galli; Marianne Haslegrave; Mabel Bianco; Imogen Ingram
Cc: NoeleneN; tyler.crone@gmail.com; Cynthia Rothschild; Susana Fried; wrc_csw60@googlegroups.com; Gita sen; ‘johnbaaki’ via Women_Major_Group
Subject: Re: {Women_Major_Group} Re: Zika virus -Request for shared information/resources

Dear all,
Despite the asosiation found with ZIKA virus and the asociation with microcephaly, as a far my undertanding on the issue goes, abortion would not be the best option in the case of microcephaly, I understand that it is safest to have an abortion until the 8th week while it is consider an embrio, but from the 9th week it is considered a fetus, although it is recomended not to have abortions after the 20th week because the fetus has a whole nervous system develop but furthermore the microcephalia can be detected only by ultrasound around 30th week and that is really too late because it puts women under risk and the point of having and abortion is to save a womens life, although am totally an activist in favor of legal abortion (not only for zika but as a women`s right), let me share this very inspiring story that came today: http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-35461429 it is really inspiring and gives you another perspective about the problem.
Another thing to take into account is that most latinamerican countries abortion is legal only in special cases such as rape, problem with the fetus, risk to a woman’s health, or incest, this case would count as problem with the fetus, but you need to introduce a demand, but since justice is so slow in most of the region but the time you have a sentence the kid would be two years old or more, (like the case of the peruvian teenager that took 15 years to recognize her right to abortion, we really hope this case will help change laws in LA)
About the range of the mosquito Aedes I have just learn that there have being two specims found in my city, La Paz, at 3600masl, this due to the increase of temperture wich is key for the survival of the mosquito, the specimens did not carry any disease, nevertheless is worrysome, but the adaptation capacity of this bug is really impresive, and it keep on expanding its range.
My personal knowledge as an agronomist that has refuse to use pesticides in college, I was push to understand cicles, basically the cicle of the insects, and in this case the cicle of the vector, the aedes cycle takes 7-9 days and adults live only 30 days, that is why fumigation does not work after seven days the mosquitos are back again and only people get poison in vain, and we have seen that a lot with Denge outbreaks in lowlands, and also the cycle of the virus in the human body  (we all know that when we have a viral flu that provably all of us has had, the virus stays in the organism for a week after that you can not find the virus in our organism anymore because they have ended their cicle) for zika the incubation period is from 3 to 12 days, and the sickness aroun 2 to 7 days, after that there is an inume respond to the zika virus, therefore my intuition tell me that if there is a link between zika and microcephaly it should be at a very specific time of gestation, that should be studied, and also women that had zika before pragnency should be out of danger as they will have and inmune response is also important to take into account that there is no vaccine for ANY VIRUS, and we have the example of the vaccine for papiloma that does not work againt the strain that causes cancer, but pharmaceutical companies make a lot of many with this kind of vaccines.
One of the things that concerns me the most rigth now is that under the zika outbreak, is that goverments are considering the option of introducing GMO mosquitos, this mosquitos are produce by a company called oxitec you can read more http://www.oxitec.com/health/mosquito-borne-diseases/ for me there is an even higher treat to have gmo aedes without people knowing about them and making this company very proftible.
For me, local solutions are always better solutions, nature is wise and in the wild is very rare to find stuck water, in the other hand, humans make a lot of trash and when it rains water gets stuck in this trash, we need to get reed of the trash, and any thing that can hold water stuck for more then a week, and start to control our water sources and reservoirs, only doing we can control the aedes and other vectors like culex and anopheles, if we can be sure not to have water stuck for more then seven days, Im sure we can control the vector thefore its viruses.
I hope this information is useful, sorry for not puting sources, so if you need more information let me know and I can give you sources where you can have more information about the issues that I mention before and I hope is to have further understanding about this issue.
Thank you and am always open to questions and comments.
Best regards,
Carmen Capriles
La Paz – Bolivia
————————————–
I agree with your points Marianne. It seems Colombia is already saying that women should have access to pregnancy termination under the health risk legal indication. In Brazil the debate has been intense but the government’s steps are very slow in this direction.
Best
Bia
Marianne Haslegrave [mailto:mh@commat.org
Sent: Tuesday, February 02, 2016
o: Mabel Bianco; Imogen Ingram
Cc: NoeleneN; Bia Galli; tyler.crone@gmail.com; Cynthia Rothschild; Susana Fried; wrc_csw60@googlegroups.com; Gita sen; ‘johnbaaki’ via Women_Major_Group
Subject: Re: {Women_Major_Group} Re: Zika virus -Request for shared information/resources

Dear Mabel

We are posting on the Zika virus being declared a public health emergency of international concern on the www.NGOsBeyond2014.org website today. It focuses heavily on the strong association between infection with the virus and the rise in “detected cases of congenital malformations and neurological complications,” and pregnancy and microcephaly, which is “strongly suspected” as it hasn’t yet been scientifically proven.

Making it a public health emergency will mean that work on a vaccine will be accelerated, but it could still take years. It could mean that countries should develop emergency plans as to the measures they are going to take. It will not, however, have any impact on trade or travel (which has been the case with other emergencies. 

Both at the PAHO (the Pan-American Health Organization) and national levels, one possible strategy would be to push for the implementation of the relevant recommendations in the Montevideo Consensus as well as relevant SDG targets. Women must be able access contraception and safe abortion and the emphasis must be on research on the virus and pregnancy. Other public health measures must also be promoted to protect women, who are or who want to become pregnant, such as those that have been shared earlier. Shouldn’t poor women, for example, have free access to not only contraception but also to insect repellent?

Best wishes
Marianne


On 01/02/2016, “Mabel Bianco” <bianco.mabel@gmail.com> wrote:
Imogen
 Thanks!! now all Latin America is infected so we need to push our governments to promote measures to control the mosquito as well as to kill the larvas and the people[e to be protected 
 Today the WHO declare the emergency to Zika but I don’t know what this means 
Lets see.
Regards
Mabel

2016-01-31 20:14 GMT-03:00 Imogen Ingram <imogenpuaingram@gmail.com>:
The mitigating factor for the Pacific SIDS is that we have had a drought situation due to El Nino through most of the Pacific, so there is less standing water and therefore fewer less mosquitoes about.
 
In Pacific SIDS during 2015 we were affected by zika virus, as well as chikunguya virus and dengue fever.  All are mosquito-borne viruses spread by the Aedes aegypti mosquito.  Studies indicate that zika and chikungunya virus occur one after the other, which happened to me during early 2015.  The only remedy for me was to take anti-inflammatories and sleep.  But I am not sure that records were kept by our hospital when people reported their illness, they seemed not to take note.  On the other hand, when dengue fever breaks out, they ask people to report to the hospital, get blood tests and offer to spray the interior of the house.  So one quick management practice  is to adopt the same procedures, which document the size of the problem.
 
BTI larvacide is an effective way to stop mosquitoes breeding, to be used in parallel with proper drainage and good infrastructure,  and other environmentally sound practices.  Use of especially DDT, will have an adverse effect on human health and the environment and is not needed.  
 
In about 2008 in Cook Islands, we were very concerned about widespread spraying of pesticides in the open environment against mosquitoes during a dengue epidemic  We were especially worried about run-off into our marine ecosystems, which would be taken up by the seafood we eat. We thought that it was  because the government wanted to be seen to be doing something.  When we inquired the name of the pesticide, and researched it we found it was only effective against culex mosquitoes, not the Aedes aegypti mosquito which spreads dengue, zika or chikunguya.   So the wrong pesticide was being used anyway.
 
We called a meeting with government to halt the spraying and suggested BTI as an alternative.  Our Health Dept found that they actually had BTI stocks, provided by the WHO.  So they were able to put it to use immediately by putting the granules in puddles and stagnant water that gathers after rain.
 
I was sad to see in the news today  that in Brazil they are spraying pesticides in response – there was no talk of using BTI larvicide which I feel might be more effective. 


More information is set out below
 
Best,
Imogen Ingram
ISACI
Cook Islands


DIFFERENT MOSQUITO TYPES [SOURCE: Wikipedia]
Culex is a genus <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genus>  of mosquitoes <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mosquito> , several species of which serve as vectors <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vector_(epidemiology)>  of one or more important diseases of birds, humans and other animals. The diseases they vector include arbovirus <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arbovirus>  infections, West Nile virus <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/West_Nile_virus> , filariasis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Filariasis> , Japanese encephalitis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_encephalitis> , St. Louis encephalitis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._Louis_encephalitis> , and avian malaria <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Avian_malaria> .
Anopheles is a genus <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genus>  of mosquito <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mosquito>  first described and named by J. W. Meigen <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johann_Wilhelm_Meigen>  in 1818.  About 460 species are recognised; while over 100 can transmit human malaria <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malaria> , only 30–40 commonly transmit parasites of the genus Plasmodium <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plasmodium, which cause malaria in humans in endemic <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endemic_(ecology)>  areas.   Anopheles gambiae <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anopheles_gambiae is one of the best known, because of its predominant role in the transmission of the most dangerous malaria parasite species (to humans) – Plasmodium falciparum <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plasmodium_falciparum.
 
Aedes aegypti is a genus of mosquito a mosquito <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mosquito>  that can spread <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mosquito-borne_disease>  dengue fever <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dengue_fever> , chikungunya <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chikungunya> , Zika fever <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zika_fever>  and yellow fever <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yellow_fever>  viruses, and other diseases. Also known as yellow fever mosquito.
 
Larvicide [source: Wikipedia]
larvicide (alternatively larvacide) is an insecticide <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Insecticide>  that is specifically targeted against the larval <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Larva>  life stage of an insect <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Insect> . Their most common use is against mosquitoes <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mosquito> . Larvacides may be contact poisons, stomach poisons, growth regulators, or (increasingly) biological control <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biological_control>  agents.
 

Biological agents
The biological control agent Bacillus thuringiensis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bacillus_thuringiensis, also known as Bt, is a bacterial <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bacteria>  disease specific to Lepidopteran <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lepidoptera> caterpillars <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caterpillar> .    Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bacillus_thuringiensis_israelensis, also known as Bti, and Bacillus sphaericus <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bacillus_sphaericus, which affect larval mosquitoes and some midges <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Midges> , have come into increasing use in recent times.
Bti and B. sphaericus are both naturally occurring soil bacterium registered as larvicides under the names Aquabac, Teknar, Vectobac, LarvX, and VectoLex CG. Typically in granular form, pellets are distributed on the surface of stagnant water <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stagnant_water>  locations. When the mosquito larvae ingest the bacteria, crystallized toxins are produced which destroy the digestion tract, resulting in death. These larvicides will last only a few weeks in water and pose no danger to humans, non-targeted animal species, or the environment when used according to directions.
Chemical Agents
Methoprene <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methoprene>  is an insect growth regulator agent that interrupts the growth cycle of insect larvae, preventing them from development beyond the pupa <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pupa>  stage. MetaLarv and Altosid are products containing S-methoprene as the active ingredient. They are usually applied to larger bodies of water in the form of time-release formulations that can last from one to five months. Use of this larvicide does not pose an unreasonable health risks to humans or other wildlife and it will not leach into the ground water supply. There is a small acute and chronic risk to some fish and freshwater invertebrate species.
Temephos <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Temephos> , marketed as Abate and ProVect, is an organophosphate <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organophosphate>  which prevents mosquito larvae from developing resistance to bacterial larvicides. Due to the small amount needed and the fast rate that temephos breaks down in water, this type of larvicide does not pose an unreasonable health risk to humans, but at large doses it can cause nausea or dizziness. Similarly, there is not a large risk to terrestrial species, but there is a toxic concern for non-targeted aquatic species. Therefore, temephos should be limited only to sites where less hazardous larvicides are ineffective and with intervals between applications.
Acoustic Larvicide
Sound energy transmitted into water at specific frequencies cause larvae air bladders to instantly rupture. Severely damaging internal tissues causing death or latent effects prohibiting further maturity.
Other techniques
Larviciding techniques can also include the addition of surface films to standing water to suffocate mosquito larvae, or the genetic modification <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genetic_modification>  of plants so that they naturally produce a larvicide in plant tissues.


On Fri, Jan 29, 2016, NoeleneN <noelenen@gmail.com> wrote:
Yes please re public letter. 

Noting that Tonga, NZ and others are now confirming cases, according to media reports. 

FYI this update 2 days ago from SPC that advises all 22 Pacific states and territories on “epidemic and emerging disease alerts for regional health security” / Not much there yet:   http://www.spc.int/en/media-releases/2348-zika-virus-monitoring-continues-in-pacific.html

- Bia, can you pls send me the Brazil protocol as offered;

- Just saw useful article by Sonia Correa/SPW : http://sxpolitics.org/zika-and-abortion-rights-brazil-in-the-eye-of-the-storm/14029

Thanks,
Noelene

On 28 January 2016, Bia Galli <gallib@ipas.org>
Yes this is much needed. I also heard that zika and other mosquitos infections have to do with lack of proper sanitation and health authorities instead of doing prevention blame population for its spread.  This is definitely a sustainable development and SRHR issue.
 
From: E. Tyler Crone [mailto:tyler.crone@gmail.com] 
Sent: Wednesday, January 27, 2016 
To: Mabel Bianco
Cc: Cynthia Rothschild; Susana Fried; Bia Galli; wrc_csw60@googlegroups.com; Gita sen; NoeleneN; Women Major Group Listserve
Subject: Re: Zika virus -Request for shared information/resources

Thank you all for this important and timely discussion.  Women are always in the blind spot – and this particular alignment of issues – access to contraception, access to safe and legal abortion, utterly unfeasible and unrealistic strategies for an emerging public health threats – is bound to be a toxic mess for women.  I think a proactive critique – and some basics (such as male and female condoms that Susana suggested) could be really timely and goad more appropriate action.  This is a reproductive rights issue – and what’s more, what we will see more of as climate change brings new emerging public health threats and challenges.

 

Anyone want to craft a public letter to make this conversation public?  I volunteer.

 

On Wed, Jan 27, 2016 , Mabel Bianco <bianco.mabel@gmail.com> wrote:

Cynthia 

 I fully agreed!! I’m also felling so bad because in many countries still they denied sexual and reproductive services for many adolescents and women and now they ask not to be pregnant and why only ask women??

Mabel


2016-01-27   Cynthia Rothschild <aimlgc@igc.org>:
This whole situation is making me cringe.  With vacuous and sexist public health “interventions” (don’t have babies until 2018. Really????) that sound like they’re from decades ago.  

What comes after the troops go door to door?

Forced pregnancy screening? Travel bans for women? 

This can’t be good.

On Jan 27, 2016, Susana Fried <susana.fried@gmail.com> wrote:

2 more references on the potential of sexual transmission of Zika virus:

 

http://www.paho.org/hq/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9183%3A2015-preguntas-frecuentes-virus-fiebre-zika&catid=3986%3Azika-virus-infection&Itemid=41463&lang=en

 

http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/21/2/14-1363_article

 

I have to say that the conversation eerily reminds me of discussions about HIV prevention through abstinence — wrong-headed, ignorant of the reality of women’s lives, and pushing policy that is bound to fail, as a result, and will likely punish women along the way.

 

On Wed, Jan 27, 2016,  NoeleneN <noelenen@gmail.com> wrote:

Thanks Bia, Kate and all,

Will be sharing to allies in Pacific govts/Reg dev and CSOs early as Samoa is on this DFAT list, so want to quickly be linked into/ notified of any feminist/HR based info and resources. 

Regional policy push can move fast/sometimes WAY too fast in PSIDs…

Of course we need to monitor link between zika infection and microcephaly/brain damage in babies but already seeing calls out there for ‘no pregnancies till 2018′ (!)…
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/the_americas/as-zika-virus-spreads-el-salvador-asks-women-not-to-get-pregnant-until-2018/2016/01/22/1dc2dadc-c11f-11e5-98c8-7fab78677d51_story.html

Want governments/SPC/PIFS in our region to earliest have best/multiple info coming to them…

Thanks,

Noelene

 

On 27 January 2016  , Bia Galli <gallib@ipas.org> wrote:

Hi all,

Here are some sources from 2 days ago. But a lot more has been published in the last day. Brazil has launched a protocol that I can share with interested people but it does not mention access to safe and legal pregnancy interruption  for women. It is mainly relates to prenatal care, rapid tests. I think it is one of the first if not the first that acknowledged the linkage between zika infection and microcephaly/brain damage in babies. What is sure is that a lot of unanswered questions remain opened and it is still early to really have a dimension of its consequences for mothers and fetus.

Cheers

Bia

Source: http://news.trust.org/item/20160123000228-8kntk/?source=fiHeadlineStory

 

Source: http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2016/01/22/463974869/the-zika-virus-takes-a-frightening-turn-and-raises-many-questions

 

Source: http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-35388842

 

Information from Brazil:

Source: http://portalsaude.saude.gov.br/index.php/cidadao/principal/agencia-saude/21254-ministerio-da-saude-atualiza-numeros-de-microcefalia-relacionados-ao-zika

Others:

Source: http://news.trust.org/item/20160123000228-8kntk/?source=fiHeadlineStory

 

From: wrc_csw60@googlegroups.com [mailto:wrc_csw60@googlegroups.comOn Behalf Of Gita sen
Sent: Wednesday, January 27, 2016 
To: NoeleneN; Women Major Group Listserve; wrc_csw60@googlegroups.com
Subject: RE: Zika virus -Request for shared information/resources

 

Brazil is a hot spot, and I would definitely not risk it if pregnant.

 

Gita Sen

Distinguished Professor &

Director, Ramalingaswami Centre on 

  Equity & Social Determinants of Health

Public Health Foundation of India

# 63 (3rd Floor), 9th Main, 14th Cross

Indiranagar

Bangalore 560038

 

Tel: +91 80 41171441 <tel:%2B91%2080%2041171441> ; 1442(dir)


From: wrc_csw60@googlegroups.com [mailto:wrc_csw60@googlegroups.comOn Behalf Of NoeleneN
Sent: 27 January 2016
To: Women Major Group Listserve <women_major_group@googlegroups.com>;wrc_csw60@googlegroups.com
Subject: Zika virus -Request for shared information/resources

 

Hello all,

- Does anyone have good medical/SRHR/feminist movement articles to share on the Zika virus? Now 22 countries on the Travel caution list from Australia. 

See list below/Am also thinking of AWID2016, but more just wanting to get early accurate information as it is circulated:

Countries put forward by Australia Foreign Affairs (DFAT) as ‘countries of concern, especially for pregnant women’ now include:

  • Barbados
  • Bolivia
  • Brazil
  • Cape Verde
  • Colombia
  • Ecuador
  • El Salvador
  • French Guiana
  • Guadelope
  • Guatemala
  • Guyana
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • Martinique
  • Mexico
  • Panama
  • Paraguay
  • Puerto Rico
  • Saint Martin
  • Samoa
  • Suriname
  • Venezuela
 

Thanks,

Noelene

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On Tuesday, February 2, 2016, Beatriz Ramirez <b.ramirez.d@hotmail.com> wrote:
Queridas.
La opción reproductiva siempre será de libre elección de la pareja o de las mujeres en edad fértil; no obstante, el Ministerio de Salud en Colombia advierte los riesgos para ejercer ese derecho de manera informada. En ese sentido, se hace la recomendación de aplazar –en lo posible- la decisión de quedar en estado de embarazo hasta tanto el país supere la fase epidémica de Zika para los residentes hasta los 2.200 msnm y, también, restringir los viajes de mujeres embarazadas que vivan por encima de esta cota. En cuanto a mujeres en estado de gestación, se han notificado 216 casos sospechosos, en los cuáles se ha confirmado la infección por el ZIKV en 14 de ellas.
Abrazos
Beatriz Ramírez David
Colombia
Dear.
Reproductive choice is always free choice of partner or women of childbearing age; however, the Ministry of Health in Colombia warns risks to exercise this right in an informed manner. In that sense, the recommendation to defer far as possible, the decision to remain in a state of pregnancy until the country overcomes the epidemic phase of Zika for residents up to 2,200 meters and also restrict travel of pregnant women is made who live above this level. As for women in gestation, they have reported 216 suspected cases, in which the infection has been confirmed by the ZIKV in 14 of them.
Hugs
Beatriz Ramirez David
Colombia
Susana T. Fried, Ph.D.
E-mail:  susana.fried@gmail.com
Phone/USA:  +1 718 791 6863
Skype: susana.fried
Twitter: @susanafried


The Women’s Major Group (WMG) was created as one of nine Major Groups after the 1992 UN Conference on Environment & Development held in Rio. This list serve of the WMG provides information on the Post 2015 & SDG process (incl. Finance) as well the Environment processes (UNEP). The Organizing Partners (OPs) rotate periodically. The current WMG OPs for the Post-2015 process are Women Environmental Programme (WEP) Nigeria, Global Forest Coalition (GFC), based in Colombia, Women’s Environment & Development Organization (WEDO) based in USA, Forum of Women’s NGOs of Kyrgyzstan, Women in Europe for a Common Future (WECF) Netherlands, International Women’s Health Coalition (IWHC) based in USA, Equidad de Género, based in Mexico and Asia Pacific Forum on Women, Law & Development (APWLD) based in Thailand. The co-facilitators of the WMG at UNEP are currently Niger Delta Women’s Movement for Peace and Development, GFC and focal points Soroptomists Kenya, WECF, APWLD and Earth Care Africa.

ck our work at web sites..***web del MUSEO AJA LINK: http://www.museoaja.org
The wikipedia page for SIGLO XXIII is up. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siglo_XXIII,
The museo aha is already on Wikipedia as well: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/El_Museo_Aja, in spanish: http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Museo_Aja.

marta benavides– SIGLO XXIII   EL SALVADOR — TEL 503-7904-9886

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First-Ever Sustainable Energy Roadmap for the Caribbean Launched

Dear colleagues,

Today, the Worldwatch Institute launched the Caribbean Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy (C-SERMS) Baseline Assessment and Report.

Submitted to the Energy Unit of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), with input from all 15 member countries and support from the German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ) and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), the report is a first-of-its-kind regional assessment of the existing energy situation in the Caribbean. It suggests ambitious targets for renewable energy, energy efficiency, and climate mitigation and outlines concrete steps for how they can be achieved.

You can find the report for free download on our website: www.worldwatch.org/cserms/baseline-report. You will also find the press release, as well as slide decks with main findings and country-specific energy summaries.

Please let me know if you have any questions. All of us here at Worldwatch remain committed to helping build energy systems that are economically, socially, and environmentally sustainable.

Sincerely yours,

Alexander Ochs
Worldwatch Institute

-Download the report: www.worldwatch.org/cserms/baseline-report

-Read the press release: http://www.worldwatch.org/first-ever-sustainable-energy-roadmap-caribbean-launched

-What people are saying:
“All CARICOM Members have contributed to this Roadmap, and the CARICOM Secretariat is excited to have this first in a series of assessments, which will provide guidance on the vision and strategy for building resilient energy systems within the region.”

Devon Gardner, Program Manager for Energy in the CARICOM Secretariat and Head of the CARICOM Energy Unit

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World Humanitarian Summit – Latin America & the Caribbean online discussion

 

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Latin American and Caribbean regional civil society capacity building workshop on post-2015 and HLPF, 4 May in Santiago, Chile

 

Dear Colleagues,
The Economic and Social        Commission for        Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) and the United Nations        Department        for Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) Division for Sustainable        Development        (DSD), will organize a civil society capacity building workshop        in Santiago,        Chile, on Monday, 4 May 2015, in the margins of the First        Meeting of the        Negotiating Committee on Principle 10. The purpose of the        workshop will        be to build capacity of civil society in the Latin American and        Caribbean        region to engage in intergovernmental processes related to        sustainable        development and the post-2015 development agenda.
Participation in the capacity        building        workshop is open to all and further information regarding the        agenda and        registration will be made available shortly. To facilitate        participation,        DSD and ECLAC have limited funding for a select number of        participants         from the Latin American and Caribbean region to        attend the        workshop. Colleagues from the Latin American and Caribbean        region that        are seeking funding to participate are invited to complete the        following        nomination form for consideration for funding: http://tinyurl.com/DSD-ECLAC-capacity-building
The deadline for submitting        nominations        is Sunday April 12 at 11:59 p.m. (EST).
Should you have any questions,        please        do not hesitate to contact us.
Kind regards, Lotta
Lotta                Tahtinen | Major Groups Programme Coordinator               Division                for Sustainable                Development | DESA               United                Nations | Room                S-2619 | Email: tahtinen@un.org               Tel: +1                (917) 367-2212                | sustainabledevelopment.un.org
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SouthNews: A report on the Third Summit of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)

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SOUTHNEWS is a service of the South Centre to provide information and news on topical issues from a South perspective.   Visit the South Centre’s website: www.southcentre.int.

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SOUTH  NEWS


No. 48,  4 February 2014

SOUTHNEWS is a service of the South Centre to provide information and news on topical issues from a South perspective.

Visit the South Centre’s website: www.southcentre.int.

Latin American and Caribbean leaders create a Zone of Peace and unite against poverty and inequality
  • What we owe our youth
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Mission and Vision:
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