Developing Countries / Sust Goals


Document Decision of the SBI informal Consultations on National Adaptation Plan

Pam Puntenney <>
Date: May 24, 2016
Subject: Decision of the SBI informal Consultations on National Adaptation Plan
Dear Colleagues,

I have just attended the SBI informal consultations on National Adaptation Plan and the Parties right now adopted the attached decision unanimously. The decision is focused on procedural aspects in relations to other Article of the Paris Agreement. Kindly find the text below:

SBI 44 agenda item 9
National adaptation plans
Version 2 of 23 May 2016 at 10:00 hrs
1 of 1
Draft conclusions proposed by the Chair
1. The Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI) welcomed the information on the progress made and support provided in the process to formulate and implement national adaptation plans (NAPs) as presented in the report on the 29th meeting of the Least Developed Countries Expert Group (LEG).1
2. The SBI acknowledged that the process to formulate and implement NAPs is significant for enhancing adaptive capacity, strengthening resilience and reducing vulnerability to climate change with a view to contributing to sustainable development in the broader context of the global goal on adaptation referred to in Article 7 of the Paris Agreement.
3. The SBI also acknowledged that the process to formulate and implement NAPs will help Parties to effectively engage in adaptation planning processes and the implementation of actions, including the development or enhancement of relevant plans, policies and/or contributions, as referred to in Article 7 of the Paris Agreement.
4. The SBI further acknowledged that the process to formulate and implement NAPs will also help Parties to engage in the process of identifying priorities, needs and gaps, and enhance adaptation actions.
5. The SBI noted with appreciation the progress made by the LEG and the Adaptation Committee so far in the fulfilment of their respective mandates relating to providing information on accessing funding from the Green Climate Fund (GCF) for the process to formulate and implement NAPs.2 It looks forward to the further engagement of the LEG and the Adaptation Committee with the GCF and requested them to include information on that engagement in their reports.
6. The SBI also looks forward to the work of the Adaptation Committee and the LEG related to the experience of countries in accessing funding from the GCF for the process to formulate and implement NAPs,3 and further looks forward to information on such work being provided in their reports.
7. The SBI recommended that the Conference of the Parties, at its twenty-second session (November 2016), change the submission deadline referred to in decision 4/CP.21, paragraph 12(a), to 4 October 2017.
8. The SBI continued its consideration of enhancing reporting related to the process to formulate and implement NAPs and agreed to continue the discussion thereon at SBI 45 (November 2016) taking into account relevant activities to be discussed under the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Paris Agreement.
1 FCCC/SBI/2016/7, paragraphs 6–11.
2 Decisions 4/CP.21, paragraph 10, and 19/CP.21, paragraph 2.
3 See the revised workplan of the Adaptation Committee for 2016–2018, available at <>, and the detailed rolling work programme of the LEG for 2016–2017, available at <>.

Thanks & regards, Shaila

Shaila Shahid
Team Leader
Gender and Water Programme Bangladesh (GWAPB)
Gender and Water Alliance
House-16, Road-30, Gulshan-1, Dhaka-1212
Phone  01791 403846 (Office); Mobile 01730089983
Skype : shaila.shahid




UN Reflection Series 2016: Development Cooperation, Policy Advice and Middle Income Countries

Dear everyone,
This is the year we start implementing Agenda 2030. To ensure that coherence, coordination and integration are always present in our approaches to advance Agenda 2030, we need on-going conversations and strong collaboration among all relevant stakeholders.
The UN System Staff College Knowledge Centre for Sustainable Development, in collaboration with the Hertie School of Governance and UN DOCO, will provide a learning space to do so. From 14 to 16 of April, UN staff and development partners will convene at the UN Reflection Series in Berlin to engage in in-depth discussions and share knowledge on one of the most important target groups for Agenda 2030: Middle Income Countries.
Middle Income Countries are home to five of world’s seven billion people and 72% of the world’s poorest population. If we are not fully attentive to their development needs, we risk failing to ensure sustainable development by 2030.
How can we reconcile Middle Income Countries’ impressive growth rates with challenging inequality gaps? What are the best approaches to embrace traditional and emerging cooperation modalities and partnerships?
If you are involved in the development sector, would like to share your expertise as well as learn from others’ experiences, the UN Reflection Series 2016: Development Cooperation, Policy Advice and Middle Income Countries is an event you would not want to miss.
To grasp a better understanding of who is involved in this event and which specific themes will be covered, we invite you to visit our website at
The UN Reflection Series provides an ideal environment for you to discuss with other practitioners and leaders in the development field on the best ways to advance sustainable development in Middle Income Countries. Take advantage of this opportunity and register now at
Junior Knowledge Management Associate
Haus Carstanjen
Martin-Luther-King-Straße 8, Bonn 53175, Germany
Office:    +49 (0)228 815 2661
Cell:       +49 1515 940 9999
Skype:    paulyn.duman




Lessons Learned from Preparing Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs)


Lessons Learned from Preparing Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs)
This week, the Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) releases the new working paper Supporting ambitious Intended Nationally Determined Contributions: Lessons learned from developing countries.

CDKN has been working with a range of expert organisations to provide technical assistance to nine developing countries as they prepare their INDCs for submission to the UNFCCC. In this paper, Chris Dodwell and Emelia Holdaway of Ricardo-AEA with Kiran Sura and Helen Picot of CDKN summarise some of the key learning points that have emerged from this diverse experience.

The submission of INDCs United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is a unique opportunity for developing countries to influence the shape of the new international climate regime, at the same time as accelerating their national actions. They are a necessary foundation for a successful outcome from the 21stConference of the Parties to the UNFCCC (COP21) in Paris in December, and will be vital for underpinning effective climate policies in the years to come.

Developing countries are placing a high priority on preparing their INDCs. INDCs present a real opportunity for developing countries to showcase the practical steps they have taken in recent years to mainstream climate change into their development strategies.

The authors conducted a series of interviews with people preparing INDCs in Bangladesh, Colombia, Ethiopia, The Gambia, Kenya, Pakistan, Peru, the Republic of the Marshall Islands and Uganda. This Working Paper sets out the five principal conclusions that emerge from these interviews:

1.       Consider INDCs as statements of political ambition, both domestically and internationally.

2.       Have a clear vision for the structure and content from the outset.

3.       Build on existing policies, with targeted use of new analysis to fill knowledge gaps.

4.       Build broad-based support across economic sectors through innovative approaches to consultation.

5.       Make plans for effective implementation now, and consider how international support, finance and other mechanisms may adjust ambitions after 2015.

About CDKN’s Negotiations Support programme

This Working Paper and the related technical support to developing countries on INDC preparation is a pillar of CDKN’s Negotiations Support programme. CDKN’s vision is that international climate change processes and agreements should reflect and respond to the positions and challenges articulated by the world’s poorest and most vulnerable countries. We are working to help the leaders and negotiators of these countries to become informed, skilled, active, connected and influential actors in international climate change talks. Only when they have a strong voice and can bring their influence to this international stage will more robust, progressive and equitable outcomes be possible for all parties.

This Working Paper is a companion volume to CDKN’s ‘Guide to INDCs’ (2015), which provides a practical example of how an INDC could be structured and potential key elements and content. Each section cross-references the relevant text from the Lima Call to Climate Action and other relevant guidance, suggests data sources and provides illustrative examples of the type of content and narrative that Least Developed Countries and Small Island Developing States might include.

Download the full working paper: Supporting ambitious Intended Nationally Determined Contributions: Lessons learned from developing countries

Mairi Dupar Global Public Affairs Coordinator | CDKN: Climate and Development Knowledge Network   
 t: +44 (0) 7921 088475  e: | skype: mairi.dupar |
Overseas Development Institute, 203 Blackfriars Road, London SE1 8NJ, UK
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GSF reports large-scale advances in sanitation and hygiene for communities in 13 countries


A new report shows that the Global Sanitation Fund (GSF) has supported governments and hundreds of their national partners in 13 countries, stretching from Cambodia to Senegal, to enable 7 million people in more than 20,500 communities to end open defecation.   

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Sanitation dev countries[1] Benin, Cambodia, Ethiopia, India, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Nepal, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania, Togo and Uganda.

[2] See draft outcome document for the forthcoming Addis Ababa Accord of the Third International Conference on Financing for Development, and the UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network Financing for Sustainable Development report and its Role of Global Funds in a Post-2015 Development Framework.





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UN The Rise and Fall of the World’s “Poorest” Nations

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The Rise and Fall of the World’s Poorest Nations
By Thalif Deen
UNITED NATIONS, Jan 7 2015 (IPS) – The world’s 48 Least Developed Countries (LDCs) – a special category of developing nations created by the General Assembly in 1971 but refused recognition by the World Bank – have long been described as “poorest of the poor” in need of special international assistance for their economic survival.
But only three – Botswana, Cape Verde and the Maldives – have so far “graduated” from being classified as an LDC to a developing nation, based primarily on their improved social and economic performance.
At a U.N.-sponsored ministerial meeting of Asian and Pacific nations in Nepal last month, four more LDCs, namely Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia and Laos, were singled out as countries on the “threshold of graduation” based on their recent economic and social indicators.
And as economies improve, some predict that at least six more countries – Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Kiribati, Samoa, Angola and Equatorial Guinea (two African nations dependent on oil incomes) – are likely to be forced out of the ranks of LDCs, possibly by 2020 or beyond.
But this outlook may be premature due to several factors, including the impact of the global economic recession, the long-term effects of the decline in oil prices, reduced purchasing power due to falling national currencies, and in the case of Africa, the spread of Ebola.
Ambassador Anwarul Karim Chowdhury, the first U.N. Under-Secretary-General and High Representative for LDCs, Landlocked Developing Countries, and Small Island Developing States (2002-2007), told IPS the 2011 LDCs Conference in Istanbul, Turkey, set an objective of graduating 50 percent of LDCs out of the group by the year 2020.
“But this mechanical setting of a target for graduation is impractical and has the potential of undesirable tension for development cooperation at national and global levels,” he pointed out.
The foremost objective of graduation should be to bring LDCs out of poverty and their structural handicaps, he noted.
“But given the current distressing situation in most of the LDCs in both areas, it would be unwise for either the LDCs or their development partners to go towards realising this target,” Chowdhury added.
The people of these countries, particularly civil society, should be involved in the process to ensure that common people of LDCs do not become the greatest victims, he said.
“This is a reality in LDCs which we should not lose sight of,” he declared.
According to the United Nations, LDCs represent the poorest and weakest members of the international community, comprising more than 880 million people and accounting for less than 2.0 per cent of global Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
Fighting poverty in the LDCs is a key component towards reaching the U.N.’s landmark 2015 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
LDCs currently benefit from a range of special support measures from bilateral donors and multilateral organisations, and special treatment under regional and multilateral trade agreements.
The benefits that will be lost or reduced due to LDC graduation include trade preferences, official development assistance (ODA) including development financing and technical cooperation, and other forms of assistance, such as travel support for participation at U.N. conferences and other meetings of multilateral bodies.
As a result, special attention needs to be given to these special measures for graduating LDCs.
Arjun Karki, president of Rural Reconstruction of Nepal and international coordinator of LDC Watch, a network of LDC non-governmental organisations (NGOs), told IPS the aim of the 2011 Istanbul Programme of Action was to enable at least 24 LDCs (half of the existing 48) to graduate by 2020, so the current proposals for graduation have not reached this level.
The majority of LDCs (34 out of 48) are in Africa and to date only two African nations, Angola and Equatorial Guinea, are expected to graduate by 2020.
In both these cases, graduation is solely based on their income criterion (of Gross National Income per capita having exceeded at least twice the upper threshold of 1,190 dollars) while they fare low in the human assets and economic vulnerability criteria.
He said LDCs can only graduate when both LDC governments and development partners take action and it is vital they both have the political will to achieve this.
Gyan Chandra Acharya, the current Under-Secretary-General and High Representative for LDCs, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States, told delegates at the ministerial meeting in Nepal “the path towards graduation should not be an end in itself but should be viewed as a launching pad towards meaningful and transformative changes in the economic structures and the life conditions of people in graduated and graduating LDCs.”
He said sustainable graduation agenda needs to be tied up with that of productive capacity development, structural transformation resilience building and sustainable improvement in human and social capital.
Some of the practices being considered include enhancing investment in the productive sector, upgrading technologies and increasing protection from external shocks, such as climate related events, economic crises and natural disasters, according to a statement released by his office.
Chowdhury told IPS basically, graduation is a positive effort which requires the sincere and wholehearted engagement of both LDCs and their development partners.
“However, fixing an arbitrary target and using a technical approach for graduation could undermine realization of a good objective,” he stressed.
He also warned the ongoing economic crisis in the industrialised countries influenced the setting of the Istanbul target. “As the first High Representative of the new U.N. office established in 2002 to champion the cause of the worlds most vulnerable countries, I had worked diligently to make a space for the smooth transition in the graduation process,” Chowdhury explained.
That arrangement, he said, had made the LDCs less uncomfortable to engage in the process.
“I recall fully the agonising interactions for the graduation of Cape Verde and the Maldives during my tenure,” he said.
The consultative mechanism set up during the smooth transition needs to be closely monitored by the High Representative personally to ensure that the concerns of the graduating LDC have the true support of the U.N. system, he cautioned.
“This was part of my regular firsthand contacts with all of the Cape Verde graduation process,” he added.
Chowdhury also said overcoming of the constraints in two of the three determinants for LDC status to be eligible for graduation requires the full understanding by all sides of the real situation of LDCs.
“It is a pity that the biggest development assistance provider, the World Bank, has refused to accept LDCs in its work as a special category of countries as identified by the United Nations,” he said. “And my repeated visits to and efforts with the Bank headquarters did not get any response for the inclusion of LDCs.”
New report: The implications of the SDGs for developed countries
Report cover3 May 2015
Stakeholder Forum was recently commissioned by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) to undertake a rapid new study to aid better understanding of the implications of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for Developed Countries, since this aspect has tended to receive less attention in the international discussions. A report of the study is published today.
The study introduces a new methodology for assessing the degree of both transformational challenge represented by each of the different SDGs (and their respective targets) and the transformational changes that will need to be made in implementing them indifferent national circumstances.
A first application of the methodology leads to the conclusion that the most transformational opportunities for developed countries in implementing the SDGs domestically are clustered around the goals of transitioning economies towards more sustainable modes of consumption and production, greater sustainable energy production and combating climate change. This contrasts with the position of developing countries for which the goal of eradicating poverty is still the central challenge, and for which they still need support in many forms from more developed countries and the international community.
It is important to note that all of the SDGs contain relevant and significant challenges for all countries. Therefore, all of the SDGs apply to even the most developed of countries. However, this study seeks to understand better the differing emphases for action within the SDG framework that will arise for different countries so as to relieve the overall anthropogenic pressures on the planet and its natural systems at the same time as eradicating poverty and promoting greater equality within and amongst countries.
The methodology proposed is described in some detail so that it could be taken up in any country or groups of countries and used to assess the extent of the challenge represented by the different SDGs in different contexts. It is hoped that it could in this way become a useful tool for countries at all levels of development as they make their plans for SDGs implementation. It could help any country to analyse their current situation in relation to the SDGs, to identify which of the goals and targets will represent the biggest transformational challenges and opportunities for them, and thence to determine their own emphases for action toward achievement of the SDGs.
The report can be accessed and downloaded here
Please contact Farooq Ullah for additional information about this study -
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